Sociology Index



Activism is a policy of vigorous action both social and political. The various activisms include Social Activism, Judicial Activism, Religious Activism, Political Activism and Environmental Activism. Activism is protest or dissent and can have many political colors. Activism can bring about social change and political change. There are many new terms for activism, like Electronic Civil Disobedience, Computerized Activism and Hacktivism. Computerized activism started in the mid 1980s. Social media activism has proved its worth during the Arab Spring. Social media activism has been called slacktivism, or armchair activism, and it has proved the reach it has during the latest pandemic.


Judicial Activism

Judicial Activism through judicial intervention has been actively and rapidly expanding through the device of public interest litigation. Judicial Activism refers to the action of the court in excess of, and beyond the power of judicial review. Judicial activism is gaining ground keeping pace with changing times providing relief is to the disadvantaged and downtroden citizens.

Judicial activism is closely related to constitutional interpretation, statutory construction, and separation of powers. Courts can and should go beyond the words of the constitution or a statute to consider broader societal implications of its decisions. Judicial activism is sometimes used as an antonym of judicial restraint. Wolfe, Christopher (1997). Judicial activism.

Environmental Activism And Environmental Movement

The radical environmental movement aspires to what scolar Christopher Manes calls "a new kind of environmental activism: iconoclastic, uncompromising, discontented with traditional conservation policy, at times illegal." Greenpeace and groups like Earth First! represent radical environmental activism.

In 1969 the Environmental Action for Survival Committee at the University of Michigan began to sell buttons with a slogan "Give Earth a Chance." Newsweek soon asked if the buttons might be symbols of a new age of conservation. The popularity of the "Give Earth a Chance" slogan was Environmental Activism, not happenstance.

Hacktivism vs. Cyberterrorism

Cyberterrorism, according to Denning, "covers politically motivated hacking operations intended to cause grave harm such as loss of life or severe economic damage." Cyberterrorism is a more severe form of hacktivism with the objective to cause more permanent damage.


Youth Activism Project - Youth Activism Project engages youth to make decisions and don the role of an activist.

The Politics of Transformation - Local Activism in the Peace and Environmental Movements. Zisk studies the group and movement successes both short-run and long-run, and activist group adaptations to change in the larger social and political world in light of political upheaval in Eastern Europe.


How Did Sarah Bagley Contribute to the Ten-Hour Movement in Lowell and How Did Her Labor Activism Flow into Other Reform Movements, 1836-1870? by Teresa Murphy and Thomas Dublin.



Black Pentecostal Activism


Understanding the "new" black Pentecostal activism: lessons from ecumenical urban ministries in Boston - Sociology of Religion, Spring, 1999 by Omar M. McRoberts.
Sociologists of religion have argued for some time that churches representing theologically conservative faiths are least likely to engage in political and social activism. In the last three decades black Pentecostal churches, a most theologically conservative set of institutions, have become more involved in political and social activism.


Half-belief and the paradox of ritual instrumental activism: a theory of modern superstition - Colin Campbell - swiss replica watches The fact that superstition persists in modern industrial societies is identified as a continuing problem for sociology. Recognizing the central importance of the value of instrumental activism in contemporary society and the tension that this necessarily creates in individuals where the 'rational' response is inactivity and resignedness. Addressing the distinctive features of modern superstition without the necessity of representing it as equivalent to magic or invoking a-historical theories of 'human nature'.


How Did Women Participate in the Underground Railroad? by Catherine Clinton.
Abstract: Women were highly visible in the abolitionist movement for three decades before the outbreak of the Civil War, and their activism has been well documented by historians. Less well-known was their participation in the underground railroad.

How Did the First Jewish Women's Movement Draw on Progressive Women's Activism and Jewish Traditions, 1893-1936? by Joyce Antler, Nina Schwartz, and Claire Uziel.

How Did Cross-Class Alliances Shape the 1910 Chicago Garment Workers' Strike?
by Karen Pastorello. Documents the activism of women strikers as they allied with the Chicago reform community during the 1910 Chicago Garment Workers' Strike.

How Did Suburban Development and Domesticity Shape Women's Activism in Queens, New York, 1945-1968? by Sylvie Murray. With the children and neighborhood needs as an excuse, women of the 1950s generation shaped an important episode in the history of women's activism.

How Did Diverse Activists in the Second Wave of the Women's Movement Shapebreitling bentley gt replica Emerging Public Policy on Sexual Harassment? by Carrie N. Baker. A close look at the history of the emergence of sexual harassment activism reveals a diverse group of people involved in conceptualizing and theorizing sexual harassment, and creating legal prohibitions against it. Activists against sexual harassment approached the problem on three fronts.


American Indian Activism - American Indian Activism - Alcatraz to the Longest Walk
Edited by Troy Johnson, Joane Nagel, and Duane Champagne. - Provides extended background and historical analysis of the Alcatraz takeover and discusses its place in contemporary Indian activism.

Anspach Renee R., 1979, Political Activism Among the Disabled and Mental Patients, in “Social Science and Medicine”.