There is an assumption of offender deficit when there is an offence committed by a citizen. In assumption of offender deficit, it is assumed that offenders against the law have some psychological deficit that distinguishes them from normal law abiding citizens. Assumption of offender deficit premise is based on the assumption that an offender's general thinking style and beliefs contribute significantly to the etiology and maintenance of assaultive behavior. Assumption of Offender Deficit is the view that offenders against the law have some psychological deficit that distinguishes them from normal law abiding citizens. "If he did not in fact relish cruelty, it would only be because of some psychological deficit that made him insensitive to the feelings of others" - Clement Greenberg: A Life.
To better address treatment linkages and case-specific strategies for offender supervision, the Wisconsin Department of Corrections developed the Client Management Classification tool as a supplement to its risk assessment. The Wisconsin Risk and Needs tools provided separate ratings of the offender's risk of criminal recidivism and a score indicating the severity of the offender's deficit areas.
The risk need responsivity model of
offender rehabilitation: Is there really a need for a paradigm shift?
Looman, J., Abracen, J. Critically reviews the Risk-Need-Responsivity and Good Lives Model approaches to correctional treatment. Research, or the lack thereof, is discussed in terms of whether there is a need for a new model of offender rehabilitation.
Fear Processing Deficit in Violent Offenders:
Intact Attentional Guidance but Impaired Explicit Categorization
Aiste Jusyte, Timo Stein, Michael Schönenberg.
Abstract: Objective. Impaired recognition of fearful expressions has been documented across a wide range of antisocial populations but it remains unresolved whether this deficit reflects impaired attention to fearful expression or is restricted to categorization. Here, we used visual search to investigate the relationship between impaired visual attention and emotion recognition in a group of violent offenders and healthy controls. Findings represent a first step in localizing the fear processing deficit in violent offenders along the processing hierarchy, demonstrating intact attentional guidance but impaired categorization.