Sociology Index

Biotechnology And Bioethics

Modern biotechnology signals the rise of new Eugenics Good Genes Movement. 'Female sperm' and 'male eggs' from skin cells may be possible. Katsuhiko Hayashi of Kyoto University in Japan and professor Mitinori Saitou used skin cells from mice to create primordial germ cells or PGCs. These cells were then developed into both sperm and eggs.

Biotechnology has surpassed the limits of human endeavour and enterprise. Life is no longer in God's domain. Man is entering the territory of the Almighty - rajrathnamvp.

“It is only a matter of time before human-nonhuman chimeras are successfully developed, perhaps as a source of organs for humans,” Julian Savulescu, director of the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics. Juan Carlos Izpisúa, a Spanish scientist who is part of the team that created the monkey-human mix, believes that ethical standards may need to be rethought. “History shows us that over time our moral standards mutate, like our DNA,” he told El País. It happened, for example, with in vitro fertilisation.

Biotecnology and Bio-Ethical Issues

The impact of biotechnology is enormous, encompassing the physical and the metaphysical world. Religious pigheads are obstructing everything that seems to take away the powers of God. Though biotechnology will help improve the quality of life, the ethical issues raise a lot of debate and opposition. The cultural debates over biotechnology are because of the fears deep within the society's psyche. The media frenzy over surrogacy, cloning and organ transplantation. Because of detection of genetic predispositions an individual's prospects in life can be figured out at birth. The ethical questions arise as to privacy and the impact of such knowledge on the individual's life. What is required is vigilance not paranoia.

Biotechnology and Globalization -- Center for International Development
Devoted to the role of agricultural biotechnology on the economies throughout the world with focus is placed on developing coutries.

Books on Biotechnology and Bioethics

Horn, Toby M. (1993) Working with DNA and Bacteria in Precollege Science Classrooms. Reston, VA: National Association of Biology Teachers.

Jensen, J. (1992) "Karyotyping with Hypercard." The American Biology Teacher, Vol. 54, (April).

Lederberg, J. and Lederburg, E. (1952) "Replica Plating and Indirect Selection of Bacterial Mutants." Journal of Bacteriology . 63:399-406.

Levitan, M. (1988) Textbook of Human Genetics 3rd Edition. New York: Oxford Press. Luria, S.E. and Delbruck, M. (1943) "Mutations of Bacteria from Virus Sensitivity to Virus Resistance." Genetics. 28:491-511. Mangino, R.A. (1975) A Laboratory Manual for Microbiology. Portland, ME: J. Weston Walch.

Manny, T. R. and Manny, M. L. (1991) A Handbook for Using Yeast To Teach Genetics. Genetics Education Networking and Enhancement Project, Dept. of Physics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS. 66056

MBRI (Massachusetts Biotechology Resource Institute). Biotechnology Activities. One Innovation Drive, Worcester, MA 01605

Mendenhall, G. (1989) "Fingerprint Ridge Count." The American Biology Teacher. Vol. 51 (April).

Micklos, D.A. and Freyer, G. A. (1990) DNA Science: A First Course in Recombinant DNA Technology. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press and Carolina Biological Supply Company.

Morholt, E. and Brandwein, P.F. (1986) Sourcebook for the Biological Sciences 3rd Edition. San Diego: Harcourt Brace JOvanovich.

Mulcahy, Henry (1989) "A Simulated Laboratory Exercise in Genetic Engineering." Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of American Society for Microbiologists.

Mullis, Kary B. (1990) "The Unusual Origin of the Polymerase Chain Reaction." Scientific American. April: 56-61.

Newcombe, H.B. (1949) "Origin of Bacterial Variants." Nature. 164:150-151.

Old, R.W. and Primrose, S.B. (1989) Principles of Gene Manipulation 4th Edition. London: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Panicali, D. and Paoletti, E. (1982) "Construction of pox viruses as cloning vectors: Insertion of the thymidine kinase gene from herpes simplex virus into the DNA of infectious vaccinia virus." Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 79:4927-4931.

Rasmussin and Matheson (eds) (1990) A Sourcebook of Biotechnology Activities. National Association of Biology Teachers, 11250 Roger Bacon Drive #19, Reston, VA 22090.

Raven, P. H. and Johnson, G.B. (1992) Biology. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book

Retzer, W.J. (1991) Biotechnology Workbook. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Seabrook, J. (1993) "Tremors in the Hothouse." The New Yorker. July 19:32-41.

Silber, S. (1991) How to Get Pregnant with the New Technology. Warner Books.

Slater, R.J. et al. (1986) Experiments in Molecular Biology. Clifton, NJ: Humana Press.

Smith, G.L., Mackett, M., and Ross, B. (1983) "Infectious vaccinia virus recombinants that express hepatitis B virus surface antigen." Nature . 302:490-495. Therman, E. and Susman, M. (1993) Human Chromosomes: Structures, Behavior and Effects 3rd Edition. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Torrey, J.G. (1987) "The Development of Plant Biotechnology." American Scientist. 73:354-363.

Towle, Albert (1988) Modern Biology. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Walden, Richard (1988) Genetic Transformation in Plants. Milton Keynes, England: Open University Press.

Wartski, B. and Wartski, L. (1992) Life Science and Lego Blocks. Bski International.

Bioethics: 1992 Biology Institute. Princeton: Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation.

Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism and (Bio)Ethics Margrit Shildrick

Rights And Liberties In The Biotech Age: Why We Need A Genetic Bill Of Rights
by Sheldon Krimsky (Editor), PETER SHORETT (Editor)

Biotechnology and Culture: Bodies, Anxieties, Ethics (Theories of Contemporary Culture) by Paul Brodwin (Editor)

A Guide to Biotechnology Tools in the Post Genomic Era (Nuts & Bolts series)
by Gary Hardiman, Richard Lin

BioIndustry Ethics
by David L. Finegold, Cecile M Bensimon, Abdallah S. Daar, Margaret L. Eaton, Beatrice Godard, Bartha Maria Knoppers, Jocelyn Mackie, Peter A. Singer

The New Biology: Law, Ethics, and Biotechnology
by George Patrick Smith

The Ethics of Biotechnology (Biotechnology in the 21st Century)
by Jonathan Morris

Molecular Biology: Understanding the Genetic Revolution
by David P. Clark

Biotechnology Unzipped: Promise & Realities
by Eric S. Grace

Gene Transfer To Plants (Advancedmethods)
by R. M. Twyman

Genetic Variance Detection : Technologies for Pharmacogenomics (Nuts & Bolts series) by Ph.D., Karl H. Hecker (Editor)

Phage Display In Biotechnology And Drug Discovery
by sachdev s. sidhu

The Global Genome : Biotechnology, Politics, and Culture (Leonardo Books)
by Eugene Thacker

Trading in Genes: Development Persepectives on Biotechnology, Trade and Sustainability by Ricardo Melendez-Ortiz, Vicente Sanchez (Editor).