Calvinism is a Christian doctrine associated with John
Calvin (1509-1564). John Calvin's international influence on the development of the
doctrines of the Protestant Reformation began at the age of 25, when he started work on
his first edition of the Institutes of the Christian Religion in 1534 (published 1536).
Calvinism is important for sociologists as a component of
the Protestant ethic, a set of social and religious
ideas considered favorable to the development of capitalism.
Calvinism is an approach to the Christian life emphasizeing
God's sovereignty in all things.
Calvinism falls within the realm of Protestant Christianity
and is sometimes called the Reformed tradition or Reformed theology.
From natural disability to the moral man: Calvinism and the
history of psychology
Chris Goodey, East Ham, London
History of the Human Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1-29 (2001) © 2001 SAGE Publications
Some humanist theologians within the French Reformed Church in the 17th century developed
the notion that a disability of the intellect could exist in nature independently of any
moral defect, freeing its possessors from any obligations of natural law. Sharpened by
disputes with the church leadership, this notion began to suggest a species-type
classification that threatened to override the importance of the boundary between elect
and reprobate in the doctrine of predestination. This classification seems to look forward
to the natural history of mind that emerged later in the century. -
Book Review: The Disciplinary Revolution. Calvinism and the
Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe - Graeme Murdock - European History
Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 1, 144-147 (2005)