Sociology Index

COMMUNITARIANISM

Communitarianism is a philosophy or belief system which places priority on the community or on social values. Communitarianism is often contrasted to individualism or libertarianism. Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the social bond between the individual and the community. Communitarianism is based upon the belief that a person's social identity and personality are molded by community relationships. Communitarianism opposes extreme individualism and disagrees with laissez-faire policies. Communitarianism claims that meaning in individual life and individual liberty are only possible within a strong and vital community. So government policies and individual choices should be responsive to social values.  Communitarianism in the philosophical sense, is collection of interactions, among a community of people.

Communitarianism, Sport and Social Capital - 'Neighbourly Insights into Scottish Sport' - Grant Jarvie. This paper examines assumptions that are often associated with communitarianism as a basis for thinking about aspects of sport in Scotland. It is argued that it is unrealistic to expect sport to sustain a notion of social capital or civic engagement or communitarianism without addressing the issue of ownership, obligations and stakeholding in Scottish sport.

Progressivism as Communitarian Democracy - Robert Justin Lipkin.

Abstract: This article formulates a progressive conception of communitarian democracy which rests upon the distinction between deliberative and dedicated conceptions of community. The distinction between deliberative and dedicated communities is relevant to the debate between liberalism and communitarianism.

Almost every serious person is a communitarian, but some people are deliberative communitarians while others are dedicated communitarians. Communitarian democracy is an attempt to describe a deliberative community.

Communitarian democrats seek freedom, equality, and solidarity for the purpose of devising joint solutions to social problems. In order to achieve this, communitarian democrats devise a civic discourse shorn of dedicated features, which values each citizen equally as a member of the community.

Communitarianism and professionalism: a values oriented approach to criminal justice technology - Klay, William Earle, Sewell, James D. - Publisher: Elsevier B.V., Publication Name: Technological Forecasting & Social Change. Article Abstract: Democratic communitarianism is a sociological theory that upholds the collective rights of a community which are manifested by the government. 

The Anti Communitarian Manifesto
What is the Hegelian Dialectic? and The Historical Evolution of Communitarian Thinking by Niki Raapana and Nordica Friedrich.
Abstract: Background: Communitarianism is the theory that individual rights must be balanced against the rights of the "community." The founders of the Communitarian Network began "shoring up the moral, social and political environment" in the early 1990s. Today the communitarian theory is the basis for hundreds of new global rules and regulations eliminating individual rights, yet fewer than one percent of the affected population knows about it.
 

Communitarianism and law and order - Gordon Hughes.
This paper engages critically with the major variants of contemporary communitarian thought on crime and disorder. It begins with an assessment of the moral authoritarian communitarianism of Etzioni and Dennis. It is argued that there are progressive as well as the already widely recognized regressive potentialities in contemporary communitarian discourses on law and order.