Sociology Index

CONFLICT PERSPECTIVES

Conflict perspectives are sociological perspectives that focus on the inherent divisions of society with social inequality and the way these social divisions give rise to different and competing interests. Karl Marx is the father of the social conflict theory, a component of the four paradigms of sociology. Conflict perspectives are macro level analysis of society. Conflict perspectives are theories in sociology and social psychology that emphasize the social inequality, political inequality, or material inequality of a social group. Conflict perspectives critique and detract from structural functionalism and ideological conservatism. The central assumption in conflict perspectives is that social structures and cultural ideas tend to reflect the interests only of some members of society rather than society as a whole.

Conflict Perspectives And Consensus Perspective

Marxism and feminism are examples of conflict perspectives. Max Weber's approach to conflict is contrasted with that of Karl Marx. Conflict perspectives highlight the ideological aspects inherent in traditional thought. Conflict perspectives or conflict theories draw attention to power differentials, such as class conflict, and generally contrast dominant ideology thesis. World-systems theory is also a type of conflict perspective. Those nations which developed capitalistic economies early then went on to dominate other nations through colonialism and colonization.

The conflict perspective, symbolic interactionism, and the status characteristics hypothesis - Ruth Triplett.

Though recent theorists acknowledge the dual theoretical foundation of the labeling perspective, they limit their focus in discussions of the status characteristics hypothesis of labeling to the influence of the conflict perspective, to the relative neglect of symbolic interactionism.

In view of the acknowledged influence of the conflict perspective on the status characteristics hypothesis, this paper demonstrates the importance of symbolic interactionism to the status characteristics hypothesis in three ways: by demonstrating the limits of the conflict perspective in predicting variations in reaction, especially at the level of informal reaction; by demonstrating the contribution of symbolic interactionism; and by empirically testing hypotheses derived from the theoretical work concerning the determinants of parents' reactions that label their children delinquent.

Books on Conflict Perspectives

Social Problems: A Critical Power-Conflict Perspective - Joe R. Feagin, Clairece Booher Feagin. The roots of major societal troubles in the patterns of class, racial, and gender stratification and subordination. Explores major social problems through a conflict theory perspective. 'Social Problems: A Critical Power - Conflict Perspective' helps the reader think critically about the characteristics, impact, and roots of major social problems such as unemployment, poverty, economic decline, racism, sexism, environmental pollution, and nuclear power.

Professions and Disciplines: Functional and Conflict Perspectives by Daniel W. Rossides.

This book provides a comprehensive evaluation that asks if our professions perform social functions and solve widespread social problems or merely the problems of upper-level individuals and groups? The effect of corporate world-market capitalism on professions reflected in the corporate squeeze on doctors, for example.

The fallacies of professional claims of objectivity, unique knowledge bases, value-neutrality, altruism, and nonpartisanship. Demonstrates that professions are integral components of the American class system and highlights the stratification within professions and their reliance on subordinate and exploited labor. An essential reference book for any reader who wishes a greater understanding of the problems of class in the United States.

Sociological Readings in the Conflict Perspective by William J. Chambliss.