Sociology Index


Conscience collective is the set of shared beliefs, and moral attitudes which operate as a unifying force within society. It is the nature of specialized tasks to escape the action of the conscience collective. Conscience collective is a defensive weapon which has definite value. An act is criminal when it offends strong and defined states of the conscience collective. We do not condemn it because it is a crime, but it is a crime because it is condemned by the conscience collective. Restitutive sanctions are found in societies with a lesser conscience collective, instead as a means of fixing the problem. Conscience collective is a concept associated with David Emile Durkheim, referring to the common norms, values and beliefs shared in by members of a community.

Conscience collective defines the abstract realm of a society's virtues, morals and ideals expressed through actions. Strong, well-defined states of this conscience collective are adhered to in simple societies; an action against it is seen as a crime as it deviates from the societal expectations of morality.

Conscience collective consists of beliefs and ideas that shape the structure and direction of community life, rather than just the personal interactions of individuals. Repressive sanctions are found in societies with highly defined conscience collective, as a means of penalizing anyone who acts against the grain for the mere sake of it being wrong.

In The Division of Labour, Durkheim argued that in traditional/primitive societies (those based around clan, family or tribal relationships), totemic religion played an important role in uniting members through the creation of a common conscience collective.

Sam Walton instilled ownership of the products in the stores into the collective consciousness of every associate regardless of what job they did for the company. - Michael Bergdahl.

His voice was an omnipresent cry in our electronic world. His sharp features, majestic looks, and prancing style a vivid etching on the landscape of our minds. Bob Marley was never seen. He was an experience which left an indelible imprint with each encounter. Such a man cannot be erased from the mind. He is part of the collective consciousness of the nation. - Edward Seaga.

When you break up the individuals from a community into individual units, they become disempowered because it's the collective consciousness and the collective energy of the group from which power comes. The principal driving force that lies before us is that we have to recognize the nature of community as the evolutionary step that we just took a step backwards from in the last century. - Bruce H. Lipton.

In the world there's a thing called collective consciousness. All of us billions of human beings together create that collective consciousness. With all the problems in our world, you can see that the collective consciousness is not so high. - David Lynch. 

Conscience Collective or False Consciousness? Adorno’s Critique of Durkheim’s Sociology of Morals - Tobias Garde Hagens.
When Durkheim’s Sociologie et philosophie was first translated into German in 1967, Theodor Adorno wrote a critical introduction to the book. Departing from a general critique of Durkheim’s disregard for individuality in establishing obligatory social morality, Adorno utilizes the Marxian concepts of second nature, continued natural history, and true and false consciousness to show how Durkheim’s concept of conscience collective is merely expressive of what society ‘believes itself to be’.

Is the Conscience Collective Black and White? Ireland, Michael; Ellis, Lucy.
Abstract: Taking as its focus the fishing village of Sennen Cove in West Cornwall, the study shows through ethnographic research examples, how black and white photographs stimulate the conscience collective among indigenous peoples.