Consensus perspective is also known as functionalism. The foundation of consensus perspective is the assumption that societies have an inherent tendency to maintain themselves in a state of relative equilibrium through the mutually and supportive interaction of their principal institutions.
Consensus theory is a sociological perspective in which social order and stability and social regulation forms the base of emphasis. In other words consensus theory is concerned with the maintenance or continuation of social order in society. The consensus perspective approach also assumes that effective maintenance of a particular form of society is in the common interest of all its members.
Sociological theories could be classified into consensus perspective and conflict perspective. Consensus is a concept of society in which the absence of conflict is seen as the equilibrium state of society based on a general or widespread agreement among all members of a particular society. Conflict is a disagreement or clash between opposing ideas, principles, or people-this can be a covert or overt conflict.
Functionalism is often referred to as consensus theory because it doesnt address the issue of conflict in society, rather it projects an ideal picture of harmonious social relationships. Relationships involve political processes, which can be understood from a consensus and a conflict perspective:
From the consensus perspective, mutual commitment, trust, and conversation are important to build fruitful relationships.
From the conflict perspective, tensions, conflicts, and power games are considered unavoidable aspects of social interaction, which create change and renewal.
POLAND IN A
POST-WASHINGTON CONSENSUS PERSPECTIVE
MANAGING CONFLICT AND CONSENSUS PERSPECTIVE IN A POLITICAL MARKET SQUARE -
LARSON M.; WIKSTRÖM E.