Sociology Index E-Books Today's Deals

CONSENSUS PERSPECTIVE

Consensus perspective is also known as functionalism. The foundation of consensus perspective is the assumption that societies have an inherent tendency to maintain themselves in a state of relative equilibrium through the mutually and supportive interaction of their principal institutions.

Consensus theory is a sociological perspective in which social order and stability and social regulation forms the base of emphasis. In other words consensus theory is concerned with the maintenance or continuation of social order in society.

The consensus perspective approach also assumes that effective maintenance of a particular form of society is in the common interest of all its members.

Sociological theories could be classified into consensus perspective and conflict perspective. Consensus is a concept of society in which the absence of conflict is seen as the equilibrium state of society based on a general or widespread agreement among all members of a particular society. Conflict is a disagreement or clash between opposing ideas, principles, or people-this can be a covert or overt conflict.

Functionalism is often referred to as ‘consensus’ theory because it doesn’t address the issue of conflict in society, rather it projects an ideal picture of harmonious social relationships.

Relationships involve political processes, which can be understood from a consensus and a conflict perspective:

From the consensus perspective, mutual commitment, trust, and conversation are important to build fruitful relationships.

From the conflict perspective, tensions, conflicts, and power games are considered unavoidable aspects of social interaction, which create change and renewal.

POLAND IN A POST-WASHINGTON CONSENSUS PERSPECTIVE
Maria Aggestam & Hans Falck, Lund University
Abstract: The Washington Consensus reforms of privatisation, liberalisation and macroeconomic stability have, to a large extent, been implemented in Poland. The banks and a majority of other state-owned enterprises have been privatised, and the trade structure has been liberalised. Even though the primary reforms have been successful in their short-term macroeconomic goals we question whether these reforms are sufficient to achieve a good long-term economic performance and thereby a successful economic integration of Poland into the EU. It is argued that both the Polish government and the Bretton Woods institutions have focused too narrowly on the goals and instruments of the Washington Consensus.

ORGANIZING EVENTS: MANAGING CONFLICT AND CONSENSUS PERSPECTIVE IN A POLITICAL MARKET SQUARE - LARSON M.; WIKSTRÖM E.
Abstract: Events are organized by several different actors with individual interests. In order to perform the project task at hand, actors form relationships aimed at cooperation. Relationships involve political processes, which can be understood from a consensus and a conflict perspective. From the consensus perspective, mutual commitment, trust, and conversation are important to build fruitful relationships. From the conflict perspective, tensions, conflicts, and power games are considered unavoidable aspects of social interaction, which create change and renewal. This article aims at describing and understanding political processes in event project networks. The findings suggest that processes within project networks are predominantly based on either a consensus or a conflict perspective. However, consensus and conflict are not to be regarded as poles apart. Instead, they are intertwined and coexist in relational interaction. Actors use different strategies to manage political processes, aiming at building either legitimacy or mutual commitment.