Sociology Index


Conservatism of Western society is reflected in those entering social work. It is important to think of conservatism as a set of ideas that is not necessarily the same as those upheld by political parties calling themselves Conservative. Some modern Conservative Parties are strongly associated with the idea of a reduced role for government, that is, privatization, and reduced social programs, and also promotion of free markets. Pearson has argued that social work recruits by their choice of occupation are politically deviant. This perspective, however, is based on classical liberalism rather than conservatism.

Conservative ideas do not welcome the unrestricted operations of free market economics, but value social stability and the maintenance of traditional community bonds and social hierarchies. Conservatives assume that institutions and values that have lasted a long time embody the collective experience of the community.

The prospect of a conservative revolution has raised the anxiety of the predominantly liberal disability leadership. Whether the diverse disability community shares the policy objectives of the leadership, and its concern over the conservative agenda, is not clear.

Ideology and Independent Living: Will Conservatism Harm People with Disabilities? - ANDREW I. BATAVIA. This article considers four major branches of the conservative movement, fiscal conservatism, the federalist movement, social and religious conservatism, and libertarianism, and their compatibility with the independent living movement, a social movement supported by most people with disabilities.

A Reflection of The Rising Spectre of Conservatism: Motivational Accounts of Social Work Students - IAN O'CONNOR, LEN DALGLEISH and JANET KHAN. Pearson has argued that social work recruits by their choice of occupation are politically deviant. Social work students were more concerned with personal growth, and later in training with effecting social change, than the intending psychologist. An examination of motivational accounts revealed two groups of social work students.

Urban renewal and the culture of conservatism: changing perceptions of the tower block and implications for contemporary renewal initiatives - Keith Jacobs, Tony Manzi. In the first part, we examine the emergence of the tower block phenomenon and summarize the cause of its subsequent decline.

Jury Toughness: The Impact of Conservatism On Criminal Court Verdicts - James P. Levine - An analysis of criminal court verdicts after trials with and without juries shows that, contrary to popular belief, juries are acting tougher than judges in deliberating the fate of defendants. Study of 58,336 trials of persons charged with felonies in six states and the District of Columbia shows that juries convict substantially more often than judges trying cases alone. The slightly contrary results in two other jurisdictions are explained by special circumstances.

Two Currents of Conservatism in Modern Japan - James Babb. Lecturer in Japanese Politics at the Department of Politics, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.

This paper examines the division of Japanese conservatives into two political parties in the early post-war period in order to understand why one party chose to enter a coalition government led by the Japanese Socialist Party in 1947 while the other refused.

The war had augmented this division and moved the industrializing conservatives closer to the Socialists. This commonality of interests continued after the war and formed the political basis for an industrial–statist conservative alliance with the Socialists, which led to the formation of a centre–left coalition government in 1947.