Crime Control Model
CRIME CONTROL MODEL tries to deter crime by all means. Crime control model is less protective of individual rights. Crime control model is in favour of the idea that individual rights must be put aside for the purpose of maintaining public safety. Crime control model for law enforcement is based on the assumption of absolute reliability of police fact-finding and treats arrestees as if they are already found guilty.
Crime control model assumes that sometimes one has to give up ones rights for the benefit of society as a whole. There have been many papers comparing the role that the Due Process Model and crime control model have on shaping criminal procedure policy. Unlike a crime control model, a public health model looks at particular kinds of crime like drug abuse or prostitution as public health issues.
In 1968, Professor Herbert Packer published The Limits of the Criminal Sanction. Prof. Packer discusses the attributes of the two conflicting models of a criminal justice system. The first model is the Crime Control Model, the purpose of which is to reduce the number of criminals on the street.
Due Process vs. Crime
Due Process Model gives credence to the principle that an individual cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards. When people are charged with a crime they are required to have their rights protected by the criminal justice system under the due process model.
There are many differences
between the due process model and the crime control model:
Due process model believes that
policing within the criminal justice system is essential to maintaining justice within
society. Crime control model believes that the arresting of people in the criminal justice
system has a negative effect and slows down the process of the criminal justice system.
THE CRIME CONTROLS AND
DUE PROCESS MODELS
Due Process for the
Global Crime Age: A Proposal