Sociology Index

Cross-Cultural Analysis And Cross Culture

Cross-cultural analysis is also known as Comparative Cultural Studies. Cross-cultural analysis is crucial for distinguishing universal aspects of human culture and social organization from those which are particular to individual societies. By observing the range of variation in culture and organization between societies a deeper understanding of individual development, sociology of family, gender, crime control model and social inequality can be developed. The Cultural Challenges, social and cross-cultural challenges of internet technology are not being given due importance. Acculturation is a process of cultural transformation initiated by contacts between different cultures. Need for cross-cultural analysis have been extolled since the writings of Emile David Emile Durkheim.

The Theory of Human Development: A Cross-Cultural Analysis - Christian Welzel, University of Bremen, Ronald Inglehart, University of Michigan, Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin. This article demonstrates that socioe conomic development, cultural change and democratization constitute a coherent syndrome of social progress - a syndrome whose common focus has not been properly specified by classical modernization theory.

Competitive Sport and Sport Success in the Olympic Games: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Value Systems. Paavo Seppanen.
The types of games and sport as well as the emphasis put on competition vary from time to time and society to society. For sociologists the variation is a "why". The emphasis put on competition and success in modern sport is based on cultural values and social order.

Postmaterialism, Control Beliefs and Prejudice: A Cross-Cultural Analysis. 
Nyquist, Linda; And Others. Abstract: Responses to members of different persons of another nationality, race, religion, culture, and social class in formerly West and East Germany and in the United States. These analyses support the position that a person's general values, materialism or postmaterialsim are related to the degree of prejudice shown.

Sense of Competence: A Cross-Cultural Analysis for Managerial Application - Uma Sekaran, Francis R. Wagner . Develops a simple model of human behavior at work with a sense-of-competence concept.

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Participative Decision-Making in Organizations - Abraham Sagie, Zeynep Aycan. Subculture and organizational culture may influence PDM within nations. Individualism-collectivism and power distance, are linked with face-to-face PDM, collective PDM, pseudo-PDM, and paternalistic PDM.

Toward a Transnational and Cross-Cultural Analysis of Family Violence - Issues and Recommendations. Marie-Marthe Cousineau, University of Montreal. Gilles Rondeau, University of Montreal. Violence Against Women, Vol. 10, No. 8, 935-949 (2004).
Issues and priorities for prevalence surveys and intervention studies. What is meant by transnational analysis or cross-cultural analysis and research?

Entailment Theory and Method: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of the Sexual Division of Labor - Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1-24. An inductive application of the method of entailment analysis has led to formulation of a new theory of the sexual division of labor.

The Relevance of Familism in Cross-Cultural Studies of Family Caregiving 
Isela Luna, Young Mi Lim, Sandra L. Cromwell, Linda R. Phillips, Cynthia K. Russell. Abstract: Familism has been studied in both Mexican American and Anglo families, but there is controversy about whether familism in both groups is the same. Cross-cultural issues in conceptualizing familism.

Measures of Pleasures: Cross-Cultural Studies and the European Integration 
SLAWOMIR J. MAGALA. Measuring culture originated in cultural anthropology. All social sciences contributed to comparative cultural studies. Critical approaches towards a measurement of cultural values one is bound to strip the biases and stereotypes bare.

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Adult-Child Proxemics in Relation to the Plowman-Protector Complex - A Preliminary Study - Wade C. Mackey. Linkages between subsistence economy, socialization pressure, and personality type. When the reliance of a community upon plowmen or herders was low the men associated with children with greater egalitarianism.

Female Allies and Female Power - a Cross-Cultural Analysis
Yanca, C, Bobbi Low. "Female Allies and Female Power - a Cross-Cultural Analysis."
Abstract: The circumstances in which women are likely to have resource control and political authority polygyny is not the case. Multiple regression analyses demonstrate that cross culturally, ecological and sociocultural factors interact so that such women have more resource control and power.

A Cross-Cultural Study of Mexican American, Black American, and White American Women at a Large Urban University Shirley B. Zeff, University of Houston. Abstract: There are few cross-cultural empirical evidence studies of specific ethnic groups of women. Investigates sex-role differences among three groups of women according to the Bem Sex Role Inventory.

Relativism and Cross-Cultural Criminology: A Critical Analysis - GREGORY C. LEAVITT. A critical examination of relativism in criminology.

A cross-cultural analysis of ‘motivation for eating’ as a potential factor in the emergence of global obesity: Japan and the United States. Steven R. Hawks, Hala N. Madanat, Ray M. Merrill, Marylynn B. Goudy and Takeo Miyagawa. Health Promotion International.
Women in the US were more likely to initiate eating for emotional reasons and women in Japan were more likely to eat for physical or environmental reasons. Women and men in the US were more likely than the Japanese respondents to eat in response to viewing TV.

Embedding the Truth - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Objectivity and Television Coverage of the Iraq War 
Sean Aday, Maeve Hebert, Hart Research, The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics. Cross-cultural analysis of television coverage of the 2003 Iraq War. Tone of individual stories and the macro-level portrait of the war offered by each network.

The Determinants of Motivation for Urban Aboriginal Students - A Cross-Cultural Analysis. Dennis M. McInerney, University of Western Sydney, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1990). Triandis model of social behavior was used to examine a range of variables important in influencing behavior. Demonstrates the cross-cultural relevance and usefulness of the Triandis model.

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of International Print Advertising: The Case of the U.S.A., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan - Bob D. Cutler, Rajshekhar Javalgi, L. Craig Foltin, Martin J. Hornyak, D. Steven White. Abstract: Analyzes whether components of print advertisements are similar or dissimilar among the four.

The Experiencing and Remembering of Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Analysis - Shigehiro Oishi, University of Minnesota. European Americans reported a higher degree of well-being than Asians in retrospective reports.

Values and Life Styles in Urban Asia: A Cross-Cultural Analysis and Sourcebook Based on the Asia Barometer Survey of 2003, edited by Takashi Inoguchi, Miguel Basanez, Akihiko Tanaka and Timur Dadabaev - Kawato Akio, Development Bank of Japan - Social Science Japan Journal, Published by Oxford University Press.

Cross-cultural analysis of longevity among Swedish and American elders: the role of social networks in the Gothenburg and Missouri longitudinal studies compared. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 28, Issue 2, Pages 131-148 - B. Eriksson.

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Websites from High-Context Cultures and Low-Context Cultures. Elizabeth W, Department of Design, Communication and Media, IT University Copenhagen. Abstract: Identify the strategies used by High-Context cultures in utilizing the Internet, a Low-Context medium for communication and marketing purposes.

Relativistic Naturalism - A Cross-Cultural Approach to Human Science. McLoughlin proposes a new set of disciplines for human science, based on a relativist view of knowledge and a naturalist view of human nature.

Cultivating International Cross-Cultural Understanding for the Development of Teacher Knowledge. Betty Christine Eng - Hong Kong Institute of Education, JoAnn I. Phillion - Purdue University, Ming Fang He. Abstract: The paper explores new ways to cultivate and enhance cross-cultural understanding in teacher education and describes the on-line exchange.

Cross-Cultural Studies of Person Perception - Effects of Ingroup/Outgroup Membership and Ethnic Schemata - Pawel Boski, Wichita State University. Abstract: Two approaches to the study of intergroup/interpersonal relations, in/outgroup categorization (motivational) and schema-confirmation (cognitive), are introduced.