Sociology Index

Cultural Production

Cultural productions are used to assert and strengthen a sense of national unity and destiny. Politically less consolidated groups also used cultural productions. Pierre Bourdieu's important writings on art, literature and aesthetics are brought together in the Field of Cultural Production (1993) and The Rules of Art (1996). According to David Hesmondhalgh ‘Cultural production’ of Pierre Bourdieu intends a very broad understanding of culture as as well as expressive-aesthetic activities such as art, literature and music. Cultural production and knowledge production houses were owned by private entrepreneurs and sometimes the state.

The shifting political realities on the ground in the Middle East and the emergence of new power centers in the arts have shaped where and how culture is being produced. The concept Cultural Production and Cultural Intermediaries were brought up by Pierre Bourdieu, a French sociologist, anthropologist and philosopher. Pierre Bourdieu's work on cultural production focuses mainly on two types of sub-field of cultural production, literature and art. Many established national group used cultural productions to assert and strengthen a sense of national unity and destiny.

Feminism and cultural production have been intertwined. In the 1970s and 1980s, cultural productions like fiction, films, and art worked together to create feminist projects. A new form of orientalism seems to be guiding a large part of the cultural production today, where East is represented as polarized between darkness and light. When the ‘clash of civilization’ theory is gaining ground, orientalist discourse is still greatly influencing the cultural production of the West.

In the development of the system of cultural production a process of differentiation is generated by the diversity of the publics at which the different categories of producers aim their products. The importance of integrating an understanding of 'race' and racism, and the growth of queer cultural production has shifted practices and debates in feminist cultural production.

Cultural Production and Landscape Studies
The Degree Programme in Cultural Production and Landscape Studies of the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Turku, Finland, offer Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts studies.

Cultural Production and the Politics of Women’s Work in American Literature and Film
By Polina Kroik. The book interrogates three common narratives: The rise of Fordism as a "masculine" mode of production and the transition to an era of "feminized" work. We also have women’s liberation theory through the sexual revolutions; and the rise of a new form of literary authorship.

Cross-Border Cultural Production: Economic Runaway or Globalization? by Janet Wasko and Mary Erickson. Cross-border cultural production involves the expansion of production away from traditional centers, whether to other countries or to other locations within the same country. The authors consider cross-border cultural production in the film and television industries and how it affects and is affected by media centers, and, more recently, established production locations.

Social Movements, Cultural Production, and Protests
São Paulo’s Shifting Political Landscape. Teresa P. R. Caldeira.
The social movements of the 1970s and 1980s that brought the poor peripheries of São Paulo to the center of the political scene, and the cultural production coming from these peripheries after the 1990s.

Cultural Production in a Digital Age. Eric Klinenberg and Claudio Benzecry.