Sociology of Cyberspace
Cyberpower has put individuals in charge and is changing the world. Sociology of Cyberspace studies the new concepts of space, time, order and anonymity with its new representation of gender, race and class.
Sociology of Cyberspace studies the social construction of the virtual world, new virtual communities, new culture, institutions and norms in a globalized world.
"I'm wondering what it means to form a social contract in Cyberspace, one with the kind of authenticity and authority of a constitution. Sounds great in theory, but I don't actually "live" in Cyberspace -- I live in New York City, in the state of New York, in the United States of America. I guess I'm taking things too literally. Apparently my "mind" lives in Cyberspace and that's what counts. It's my vestigial meat-package, also known as my body, which lives in New York. Government, geography, my body -- all are obsolete now thanks to "Cyberspace that new home of mind," ... David Bennahum
Studies of the social impact of the Internet must consider the social consequences, the changing lifestyle of the new economy, new forms of popular culture and its impact on people's lives. Sociology of Cyberspace studies the contemporary revolution in human interaction through the medium of computer with the emergence of new languages of expression and the impact of hypertext and multimedia technologies on human thinking and learning.
The political impact of the internet encompasses a number of issues: free access, technological determinism, encryption, commodification, intellectual property, the public sphere, decentralization, anarchy, propaganda, activism, terrorism, gender and ethnicity.
Cybercrime: The Transformation of Crime in the Information Age by David S. Wall
"People will live in cyberspace, meet and even make love in virtual reality" - vpr
Sociology of Cyberspace - Resources on the Web
21st Century Project - The 21st Century Project is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research and education program on science and technology policy, with a particular emphasis on the Internet, information policy, telecommunications, and the social and political trends tied to emerging new technologies. - Cyber Sociology - utexas.edu/lbj/21cp/
Berkman Center for Internet and Society - The Berkman Center for Internet & Society is a research program founded to explore cyberspace, share in its study, and help pioneer its development. Cyber Sociology - cyber.law.harvard.edu/
Cyber / media / culture project: University of Bergen - cyber/media/culture is a multidisciplinary project at the Department of Humanistic Informatics at the University of Bergen. The CMC project aims to provide an environment for cooperation and growth, gathering researchers and practitioners in the broad field of humanistic cyberstudies. - cmc.uib.no/
Cybersociology is a non-profit multi-disciplinary webzine dedicated to the critical discussion of the internet, cyberspace, cyberculture and life online. socio.demon.co.uk/magazine/
Hypertext, Cybernetics, Cyborgs and Virtual Realities uiowa.edu/~commstud/resources/digitalmedia/
Multimedia and Society - unites.uqam.ca/cyberculture/cadres_menu_principal.html
RCCS - Resource Center for Cyberculture Studies - The Resource Center for Cyberculture Studies is an online, not-for-profit organization whose purpose is to research, study, teach, support, and create diverse and dynamic elements of cyberculture. Collaborative in nature, RCCS seeks to establish and support ongoing conversations about the emerging field, to foster a community of students, scholars, teachers, explorers, and builders of cyberculture, and to showcase various models, works-in-progress, and on-line projects. Cyber Sociology - com.washington.edu/rccs/
Sociological and Ethnographic Research of cyberspace. Cyber Sociology - cybersoc.com/
Sociological Research Online, 1997 Schroeder , R. (1997) 'Networked Worlds: Social Aspects of Multi-User Virtual Reality Technology' Cyber Sociology - socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/2/4/5.html
Studies in Internet Culture By Debbie Firkus Theorist Jean Baudrillard describes the internet as a kind of cybernetic terrain that works to undermine the symbolic distance between the metaphorical and .. Cyber Sociology - uwm.edu/People/dfirkus
Studies of Science and Technology: University of Minnesota - Graduate minor in Studies of Science and Technology (SST) for students pursuing the M.A., M.S., or Ph.D. degrees. Studies of science and technology is a rapidly expanding field that seeks to understand the conceptual foundations, historical development, and social context of science and technology. Cyber Sociology - sst.umn.edu/
The CyberAnthropology Page - research on cyberculture, and the formation of new cultures and cultural practices in cyberspace. Cyber Sociology - fiu.edu/~mizrachs/cyberanthropos.html
The Digital World Research Centre (DWRC) new way of investigating the impact of new technologies on organisational life, the individual and society. Cyber Sociology - surrey.ac.uk/dwrc
The Ethics of Research in Cyberspace Robert Alun Jones - Professor of Sociology, History and Religious Studies, Univ of Illinois. Cyber Sociology - usyd.edu.au/su/social/papers/jones.htm
The Research Committee on Sociocybernetiics. Cyber Sociology - unizar.es/sociocybernetics/brisbane.html
The Resource Center for Cyberculture Studies is an online, not-for-profit organization whose purpose is to research, study, teach, support, and create diverse and dynamic elements of cyberculture. Cyber Sociology - com.washington.edu/rccs/
Theories and Metaphors of Cyberspace - Abstracts - Cyberspace, Virtual Reality and The End of History By Stephen Webb Department of Sociology, University of Derby. Cyber Sociology - pespmc1.vub.ac.be/Cybspasy/SWebb.html
Theory, Culture and Society Centre - Theory, Culture & Society Centre Faculty of Humanities The Nottingham Trent University. The Theory, Culture & Society Centre has focused its research around technological culture; globalization consumption and leisure; the body, health and the life course; postcolonial issues; and critical theory. Cyber Sociology - tcs.ntu.ac.uk/home.html
Thesis on whether internet creates or contributes to democracy. Cyber Sociology - wr.com.au/democracy/index.html
TIPI - Telecommunications and Information Policy Institute - The Telecommunications and Information Policy Institute (TIPI) was established in May 1996 by the University of Texas at Austin, in response to the unprecedented opportunities in Texas associated with telecommunications. These TIPI faculty associates assist in the design and implementation of the policy analysis and research initiatives of the Institute. They also are encouraged to seek grants and contracts in the relevant and important areas of telecommunications policy. Cyber Sociology - utexas.edu/research/tipi/
UC Irvine Graduate Program in Social Networks. Cyber Sociology - aris.ss.uci.edu/socnet/socnet.html,
UCLA Center for Communication Policy - The UCLA Center for Communication Policy is a forum for the discussion and development of policy alternatives addressing the leading issues in media and communication. Communication policy at its core begins with the individual and the family. The Center conducts and facilitates research, courses, seminars, working groups, and conferences designed to have a major impact on policy at the local, national, and international levels. Cyber Sociology - ccp.ucla.edu/index.asp
Ukranian network of Information Society - Institute's activity is targeted at creation of a basis for development of the Information Society, its fundamental elements - e-government, e-commerce, e-elections. Cyber Sociology - e-ukraine.org.ua/eng/institute.htm
Virtual Society? The Social Science of Electronic Technologies - Virtual Society? addresses issues identified by many Foresight sector panels. Investigating the future development of new technologies and social activities is recognised as crucially important to wealth creation and the quality of life. Virtual Society? draws together research efforts to form a UK research sector in the now strategic field of the social context of new electronic technologies. Cyber Sociology - virtualsociety.sbs.ox.ac.uk/
How do we perceive other people on-line? What does a virtual crowd look like? How do social conventions develop in the networked world? Cyber Sociology - smg.media.mit.edu/
ZEF - The Center for Development Research. ZEF is an international and interdisciplinary research institute of the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University, Bonn which commenced its research activities towards the end of 1997. Cyber Sociology - zef.de/start/start.htm
Communities in Cyberspace
Culture in the context of the Internet has been rarely discussed. CyberCulture is to be found virtual communities. A useful reference is a 1994 book, 'The Virtual Community' by Howard Rheingold.
ENCOURAGING CYBERCULTURE - Roger Clarke - Principal, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd,
Cyberspace Reference booksBallon, Ian C., Rethinking Cyberspace Jurisdiction in Intellectual Property Disputes, 21 U. Pa. J. Int'l Econ. L. 481 (2000)
Balsamo, Anne (1993) `The virtual body in cyberspace' Research in Philosophy Technology 13: 119
Barlow, John Perry, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Davos, Switzerland (1996)
Batty, Michael and Barr, Bob (1994) `The elctronic frontier: exploring and mapping cyberspace' Futures 26 (7): 699-712
Bell, Tom W., The Common Law in Cyberspace, 97 Mich. L. Rev. 1746 (1999)
Benschop, Albert (n.d.) `Peculiarities of Cyberspace - Building Blocks for an Internet Sociology'
Berman, Paul Schiff, Cyberspace and the State Action Debate: The Cultural Value of Applying Constitutional Norms to "Private" Regulation, 71 U. Colo. L. Rev. 1263 (2000)
Biegel, Stuart, Beyond Our Control? Confronting the Limits of Our Legal System in the Age of Cyberspace, MIT Press, 2001
Biegel, Stuart, New Directions in Cyberspace Law, L.A. & S.F. Daily Journals (1996-1997)
Boyle, James, Foucault in Cyberspace: Surveillance, Sovereignity, and Hardwired Sensors, U. Cinn. L. Rev. 177 (1997)
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Bruckman, Amy (1996) `Finding One's Own in Cyberspace' Technology Review
Bruckman, Amy S. (1993) `Gender swapping on the internet'
Burk, Dan L., Cyberlaw and the Norms of Science, 1999 B.C. Int. Prop. & Tech. F.
Burk, Dan L., Federalism in Cyberspace, 28 Conn. L. Rev. 1095 (1996)
Carlson, Patricia Ann (1994) `Varieties of virtual: expanded mataphors for computer-mediated learning' in Barrett, Edward (ed.) Sociomedia: Multimedia, Hypermedia, and the Social Construction of Knowledge Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 53-77
Cartwright, Glenn F. (1994) `Virtual or real? The mind in cyberspace' Futurist 28 (2): 22-6
Cavazos, Edward A. and Morin, Gavino, Cyberspace and the Law: Your Rights and Duties in the Online World, MIT Press, 1994
Chapman, Gary, The Unassailable Liberty of Cyberspace, The New Republic, July 31, 1995
Cherniavsky, Eva (1993) `(En)gendering cyberspace in Neuromancer: postmodern subjectivity and virtual motherhood' Genders 18: 32-46
Cherny, Lynn, and Elizabeth Reba Weise, eds, Wired Women: Gender and New Realities in Cyberspace, Seal Press, 1996
Chip Morningstar and F. Randall Farmer, "The Lessons of Lucasfilm's Habitat" from Cyberspace: First Steps, Michael Benedikt (ed.) (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991).
Clancy, Patrick (1993) `Telefigures and cyberspace' in Conley, Verena A. (ed.) Rethinking Technologies Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 207-39
Donna Haraway, "A Cyborg Manifesto" from Simians, Cyborgs and Women (New York: Routledge, 1991). Bibliography.
Elizabeth Reid, "Virtual Worlds: Culture and Imagination" from Cybersociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community , Steven Jones (ed.) (Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1995).
Escobar, Arturo (1994) `Welcome to Cyberia: notes on the anthropology of cyberculture' Current Anthropology 35 (3): 211-31
Farmer, F. Randall, Morningstar, Chip, and Crockford, Douglas (1994) `From Habitat to global cyberspace' Fernback, Jan and Thompson, Brad (1995) `Virtual Communities: Abort, Retry, Failure?'
Featherstone, Mike, and Roger Burrows, eds, Cyberspace/Cyberbodies/Cyberpunk: Cultures of Technological Embodiment, Sage, 1996
Foster, Thomas (1993) `Meat puppets of robopaths?: cyberpunk and the question of embodiement' Genders 18: 11-31. Bibliography.
Froomkin, A. Michael, The Internet as a Source of Regulatory Arbitrage, in Brian Kahin & Charles Nesson, eds., Borders in Cyberspace, MIT Press, 1996
Fuchs, Cynthia J. (1993) `"Death is irrelevant": cyborgs, reproduction, and the future of male hysteria' Genders 18: 113-33
Gibbons, Llewellyn Joseph, No Regulation, Government Regulation, or Self-Regulation: Social Enforcement or Social Contracting for Governance in Cyberspace, 6 Cornell J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 475 (1997)
Goggin, Gerard and Newell, Christopher (1995) `Citizen Cyber: telecommunications and the question of equity' Arena Magazine 14: 36-9
Goldsmith, Jack L., Against Cyberanarchy, 65 U. Chi. L. Rev. 1199 (1998)
Gray, Chris Hables (ed.) (1995) The Cyborg Handbook New York: Routledge
Haraway, Donna (1985) `A manifesto for cyborgs: science, technology, and socialist feminism in the 1980s' Socialist Review 80: 65-107
Haraway, Donna (1991) `The actors are cyborg, nature is coyote, and the geography is elsewhere: postscript to `cyborgs at large'' in Penley, Constance and Ross, Andrew (ed.) Technoculture Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 21-6
Hardy, I. Trotter, The Proper Legal Regime for "Cyberspace," 55 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 993 (1994)
Hayles, N. Katherine (1993) `The seductions of cyberspace' in Conley, Verena A. (ed.) Rethinking Technologies Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 173-90
Heim, Michael (1991) `The erotic ontology of cyberspace' in Benedikt, Michael (ed.) Cyberspace: First Steps Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 59-80
Hess, Charlotte Untangling the Web: The Internet as a Commons, 1996 Paper Presentation at the "Reinventing the Commons" Workshop, Transnational Institute, Bonn, Germany, November 4-5, 1995. Bibliography.
Huber, Peter W., Law and Disorder in Cyberspace: Abolish the FCC and Let Common Law Rule the Telecosm, Oxford University Press, 1997
Ito, Mimi (n.d.) `Cybernetic fanatasies: extended selfhood in a virtual community'
Jacobson, Robert (1993) `Sailing through cyberspace: counting the stars in passing' in Harasim, Linda M. (ed.) Global Networks: Computers and International Communication Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 327-41
Johnson, David R. and Post, David G., Law and Borders: The Rise of Law in Cyberspace, 48 Stanford Law Review 1367 (1996)
Jones, Robert Alun (1995) `The ethics of research in cyberspace' Internet Research 4 (3): 30-5
Jones, Steven G. (1995) `Understanding community in the information age' in Jones, Steven G. (ed.) Cybersociety: Computer-Mediate Communication and Community Thousand Oaks: Sage, 10-35
Jones, Steven G. (Ed.) CyberSociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community. London: Sage, 1995. Bibliography.
Kahin, Brian & Nesson, Charles, Ed., Borders in Cyberspace: Information Policy and the Global Information Infrastructure, MIT Press, 1996
Kang, Jerry, Cyber-Race, 113 Harvard Law Review 1130 (2000)
Kang, Jerry, Cyber-Race, 113 Harvard Law Review 1130 (2000)
Kaplan, Nancy and Farrell, Eva (1994) `Weavers of webs: a portrait of young women on the net' Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture 2 (3)
Katsh, M. Ethan & Rifkin, Janet, Online Dispute Resolution: Resolving Conflicts in Cyberspace, Jossey-Bass, 2001
Katsh, M. Ethan, Cybertime, Cyberspace, and Cyberlaw, 1995 Journal of Online Law
Kendall, Lori (1998) ` Meaning and Identity in "Cyberspace": The Performance of Gender, Class, and Race Online' Symbolic Interaction 21 (2): 129-
Kiesler, Sara, ed, Culture of the Internet, Erlbaum, 1996
Kilger, Max (1994) `The digital individual' Information Society 10 (2): 93-9
Kramarae, Cheris, Technology Policy, Gender, and Cyberspace, 4 Duke J. Gender L. & Pol'y 149 (1997)
LaFave, Wayne R., Surfing as Scholarship: The Emerging Critical Cyberspace Studies Movement, 84 Georgetown Law Journal 521 (1996)
Lee, Cheryl R., Cyberbanking: A New Frontier for Discrimination?, 26 Rutgers Computer & Tech. L.J. 277 (2000)
Lemley, Mark A., Shrinkwraps in Cyberspace, 35 Jurimetrics J. 311 (1995)
Lenk, Klaus (1995) `How will cyberspatial forms of human interaction challenge, change or reduce territorial governance and policing by the state?'
Lessani, Andrea M., How Much Do You Want to Bet That the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act of 1997 Is Not the Most Effective Way to Tackle the Problems of Online Gambling?, UCLA Online Institute for Cyberspace Law and Policy (Spring 1998)
Lessig, Lawrence, Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Basic Books, 1999
Lessig, Lawrence, The Law of the Horse: What Cyberlaw Might Teach, 113 Harvard Law Review 501 (1999)
Lessig, Lawrence, The Path of Cyberlaw, 104 Yale L.J. 1743 (1995)
Lessig, Lawrence, The Zones of Cyberspace, 48 Stanford Law Review 1403 (1996)
Lide, E. Casey, ADR and Cyberspace: The Role of Alternative Dispute Resolution in Online Commerce, Intellectual Property and Defamation, 12 Ohio State Journal on Disp. Resol. 193 (1996)
Loader, Brian D., ed, The Governance of Cyberspace: Politics, Technology and Global Restructuring, Routledge, 1997
Major, April M., Norm Origin And Development In Cyberspace: Models Of Cybernorm Evolution, 78 Wash. U. L. Q. 59 (2000)
McBeath, Graham B. and Webb, Sydney (1995) `Cities, subjectivity and cyberspace'
Michael Benedikt (ed.) Cyberspace: First Steps, (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991).
Michael Heim, "The Erotic Ontology of Cyberspace"
Michalski, Jerry (1995) `What is virtual community?' New Perspectives Quarterly 12 (2)
Michelle Kendrick, "Cyberspace and the Technological Real"
Mizrach, Steve (n.d.) `Lost in Cyberspace: A Cultural Geography of Cyberspace'
Morse, Margaret (1994) `What do cyborgs eat?" oral logic in an information society' Discourse 16 (3): 86-127. Bibliography.
Netanel, Neil W., Cyberspace 2.0, 79 Tex. L. Rev. 447 (2000)
Netanel, Neil W., Cyberspace Self-Governance: A Skeptical View from Liberal Democratic Theory, 88 Cal. L. Rev. 395 (2000)
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Ohm, Paul K., Comment: On Regulating the Internet: Usenet, A Case Study, 46 UCLA L. Rev. 1941 (1999)
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Pfohl, Stephen (1993) `Venus in Microsoft: male mas(s)ochism and cybernetics' CTheory 16
Post, David G., Anarchy, State, and the Internet: An Essay on Law-Making in Cyberspace, 1995 Journal of Online Law, Article 3
Post, David G., What Larry Doesn't Get: Code, Law, and Liberty in Cyberspace, 52 Stan. L. Rev. 1439 (2000)
Post, David, G., Internet: Of Black Holes and Decentralized Law-Making in Cyberspace, 2 Vand. J. Ent. L. & Prac. 70 (2000)
Poster, Mark (1995) `Cyberdemocracy: internet and the public sphere'
Radin, Margaret Jane, Regulation of Computing and Information Technology: Property Evolving in Cyberspace, 15 J.L. & Com. 391 (1996)
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Recent Developments in the Law: The Law of Cyberspace, 112 Harvard Law Review, Issue No. 7 (May 1999).
Reid, Elizabeth (1995) `Virtual worlds: culture and imagination' in Jones, Steven G. (ed.) Cybersociety: Computer-Mediate Communication and Community Thousand Oaks: Sage, 164-83
Reid, Elizabeth M. "Communication and Community On Internet Relay Chat." in Ludlow, Peter (Ed.) High Noon on the Electronic Frontier: Conceptual Issues in Cyberspace. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1996. 397 - 412.
Reidenberg, Joel R., Governing Networks and Rule-making in Cyberspace, 45 Emory L.J. 922 (1996)
Rheingold, Howard. "A Slice of My Life in My Virtual Community." in Ludlow, Peter (Ed.) High Noon on the Electronic Frontier: Conceptual Issues in Cyberspace. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1996. 413 - 436. "Virtual communites are cultural aggregations that emerge when enough people bump into each other often enough in cyberspace" says Rheingold at the beginning of this often quoted article.
Rusch, Jonathan J., Cyberspace and the "Devil's Hatband," 24 Seattle Univ. L. R. 577 (2000)
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Sommer, Joseph H., Against Cyberlaw, 15 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1145 (2000)
Spender, Dale, Nattering on the Net: Women, Power and Cyberspace, Spinifex Press, 1996
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Szafran, Marc E., A Neo-Institutional Paradigm for Contracts Formed in Cyberspace: Judgment Day for the Statute of Frauds,14 Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal 407 (1996)
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van der Leun, Gerard (1993) `Cybersex: "This is a naked lady"' Wired 1 (1)
Vincent, Cheryl (1992) Collegiality in Cyberspace: case studies in computer mediated communication Hobart: Dept of Sociology, University of Tasmania, Master of Social Sciences ThesisWe, Galdys (1994) `Cross-gender communication in cyberspace' Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture 2 (3)
Whitlock, Troy (1994) `Fuck arts, let's kill!: towards a post modern community; terrorism in cyberspace'. Bibliography.
Whitlock, Troy (n.d.) `Technological hierarchy in MOO: reflections on power in cyberspace'
Wu, Timothy, Cyberspace Sovereignty? -- The Internet and the International System, 10 Harvard J. Law & Tec 647 (1997)
Yeaman, Andrew R. J. (1994) `Cyborgs are us' Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture 2 (1)
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Zatz, Noah D., Sidewalks in Cyberspace: Making Space for Public Forums in the Electronic Environment, 12 Harv. J. Law & Tech 149 (1998)
Zembek, Richard, Fundamental Fairness in the Networked World of Cyberspace, 6 Alb. L.J. Sci. & Tech. 339 (1996)
Ziguras, Chris (1994) `Cyberdelia' Arena Magazine August-September: 22-6
Zuboff, Shoshana (1988) In the Age of the Smart Machine: The Future of Work and Power New York: Basic Books. Bibliography. Cyberspace.
New Books On Sociology Of Cyberspace