Sociology Index


Deconstruction is a concept central to postmodernism. Deconstruction is a process of rigorously analyzing and making apparent the assumptions, judgments and values that underlie social arrangements and intellectual ideas. Debates surrounding ontology, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, hermeneutics, and philosophy of language refer to Jacques Derrida's observations. Jacques Derrida developed a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction. In Continental philosophy, deconstruction is now paired with analytic philosophy and is particularly strong within the English-speaking world. Jacques Derrida's work was labeled post-structuralism and is also associated with postmodern philosophy. Derrida's theories on deconstruction were influenced by the work of linguists such as Ferdinand de Saussure and literary theorists such as Roland Barthes.

Narrative after deconstruction: structure and the negative poetics of William Burroughs's 'Cities of the Red Night.' Style, Spring, 1995 by Daniel Punday.
William Burroughs's recent writing poses problems for critics. Traditionally Burroughs is known for a negative poetics that assaults the word and all continuity for the sake of breaking down social controls. Burroughs and other writers can be seen as working through the deconstructive impulse that dominated writing of the 1970s and searching for some way of reintroducing narrative structure without rejecting that deconstruction wholesale.

Realism, Deconstruction and the Feminist Standpoint - Caroline New. Feminist Standpoint Theory claims that by virtue of their social positioning women have access to, or can achieve, particular and/or better knowledge of gendered social relations.

Something Old, Something New: Sociology and the Organisation of Psychiatry 
David Pilgrim, Anne Rogers. Whilst sociology has taken a consistent interest in psychiatry, theoretical and methodological approaches have varied. This paper summarises three versions of the sociology of psychiatry. These are then contrasted with the more recent post-structuralist emphasis on deconstruction.

Postmodern Deconstruction Of Newtonian Science: A Physical-to-social Transposition Of Causality, L. Frederick Zaman III, Neural Engineering Research & Development - Abstract: A postmodern 'deconstruction' of basic physical theory is made possible through a physico-social transposition of the Newtonian-based 'event causation' of physical bodies, whose inertia, accelerative force, and action-reaction become the 'agent causation' of social beings. This deconstruction is a counterfactual that perhaps can validate Steven Lukes' 'three faces of power' in the natural sciences.

T. K. Oommen. The rise and fall, construction and deconstruction of different types of boundaries - biological, psychological, geographical, cultural, social, political, economic - make up the very story of human civilisation and of contemporary social transformation.

Deconstruction in a 'Thinking' Science: Theoretical Physicists at Work 
Martina Merz, Karin Knorr Cetina. To specify the work and accomplishments of theoretical physicists we choose the notion of 'deconstruction'. Deconstruction involves the expansion of a concrete object, such as an equation, into a series of other objects upon which the 'hardness' of a problem can be shifted and distributed. In solving an equation, however, the determinate path of a deconstruction method needs to be supplemented by the exploration of clues and guesses, trials and tricks. We trace a series of devices, and iterations thereof, which physicists mobilize in dealing with hard problems: formal deconstructions, detours and tricks to identify a working deconstruction, variation, `doing examples', modelling and, finally, thought alliances between subjects.

Philosophy: Re-marking Deconstruction
Peter Davio. Abstract: In this paper, I discuss the French philosopher Jacques Derrida and his practice of deconstruction in relation to the age-old tradition of Western philosophy, and the current practices of conceptual analysis. Though difficult and sometimes obscure, I argue that Derrida's work is not irrational, nonsensical, or nihilistic. Through a close reading of his essays and a critical examination of the logic of deconstruction, I suggest several ways in which we can re-mark deconstruction as a philosophical practice.

Codes of Power. Deconstruction of institutional discourses
Abstract: The text introduces the semiology as method in the analysis of Sociology as area of authoritarian social discourse. In opposition to an "empirical" description where the "fact" is described as if it was not "social" but a fact "of nature" the deconstruction of the Power discourse shows that the "fact" is produced as definition or description, i.e, the Power-discourse works as Code which through strict controls of human behaviour, thought and language "produces" a particular form of "Reality."

Men in the Public Eye: The Construction and Deconstruction of Public Men and Public Patriarchies. by Jeff Hearn - Contemporary Sociology, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan., 1994), pp. 104-105.