Sociology Index


Equality of condition is the essence of justice. Equality of condition is also known as equality of outcome. Equality of condition is a form of egalitarianism which seeks to reduce or eliminate differences in material condition between individuals or households in a society. Americans are used to considering equality of condition and equality of opportunity as separate issues. Where there is very little difference in individuals' possession of wealth, social status and power, there is equality of condition. Social Inequality is found in virtually all social processes. Equality of condition is used in contrast to the term equality of opportunity. Inequality of condition occurs where individuals have very different amounts of wealth, status and power. Inequality of opportunity is the biggest social problem that is hurting children in the developing world.

What is equality of condition?

Equality in equality of condition is in a formal sense as understood by Aristotle when he says that justice is equality. Equality of condition is very difficult to achieve in complex societies. Equality of outcome and equality of results are synonimous to equality of condition. Equality of condition is a political concept which is central to certain political ideologies used regularly in political discourse.

Equality in education - An equality of condition perspective - Kathleen Lynch, John Baker. Transforming schools into truly egalitarian institutions requires a holistic and integrated approach. Using a robust conception of equality of condition, we have examined key dimensions of equality that are central to both the purposes and processes of education: equality of opportunity in education; equality of respect and recognition; equality of power; and equality of love, care and social solidarity. We indicate in each case some of the major changes that need to occur if we are to promote equality of condition in society.

An Argument for Equality of Condition, Thomas Christiano.
I propose in this paper to give an argument for the principle of equality of condition. The argument attempts to establish the intrinsic justice of equality of condition at least for a limited range of cases. I think that the argument can be extended to a larger range of cases. What I will do in this paper is give an account of equality of condition as I understand it. Then I will say why an argument for equality of condition is desirable. I will give the basic argument for equality of condition, along the way criticizing sufficiency theories. I will then go on to outline some ways in which equality of condition can justly be abridged.

Luck And Equality - Richard J. Arneson.
Susan Hurley cautions against a closely related fallacy: from the fact that people have come to an unequal condition through unchosen bad luck, it does not follow that, if we aim to undo the influence of unchosen luck, we ought to institute equality of condition. Principles of distributive justice should be sensitive to the distinction between chosen and unchosen bad luck.

What is the difference between equality of opportunity and equality of condition?

Eequality of opportunity is a concept that no person should be held back because of race, religion, etc.
Equality of condition is a concept that not everyone is born with the same abilities but should have an equal share of worldly goods. - American Government Ch. 1-4..