Erich Fromm had already studied sociology when Hitler rose to power in Germany. Erich Fromm moved to New York where he was able to continue his research. As well as a sociologist, he was also a psychologist and while in the USA, he became a vocal critic of the work of Sigmund Freud. As an Orthodox Jew, Erich Fromm focused on the meaning behind certain biblical stories, particularly the Fall in the Garden of Eden. Yet Erich Fromm departed in that he saw their actions as both a virtue and indicative of human independence of thought and curiosity. Erich Fromm was one among distinguished sociologists.