Altruistic Suicide, Altruism, Egoistic Suicide, Anomic Suicide, Euthanasia,
Successful models who committed suicide. Why?
Fatalistic Suicide is a type of suicide, identified by Emile
Durkheim (1858-1917), occurring in social conditions where the individual experiences
pervasive oppression. Durkheim has defined fatalistic suicide as resulting "from
excessive regulation." Suicide by individuals whose passions are choked by oppressive
The condition of slavery may make an individual feel
that the only way to find escape is suicide. We would call it fatalistic suicide because
the individual considers himself condemned by fate or doomed to be a slave. Here, is a
fatalistic situation calling for a fatalistic suicide as a solution or escape.
The category of fatalistic suicide was constructed
mainly for purposes of symmetry (as contrasted with egoistic suicide) and because it would
undercut his central claims about the role of modern urban life as increasing the
incidence of suicide, Durkheim could never seriously examine the possibility that social
integration could result in suicide.
Fatalistic suicide served as a descriptor for
suicides in traditional societies, because Durkheim was faced with the issue that even in
societies with abundant social capital, individuals nevertheless killed themselves.
"Fatalistic suicide arises from excessive
regulation that pitilessly blocks the possibilities of future. Individuals do not
want their lives due to the extremely suppressing environment. The suicides of those
suffering from mental and physical oppression are closer to fatalistic suicide". -
"Labor Politics of Suicide in Korea", Lim, Hyun-Chin. and Hwang, Suk-Man.
Durkheim distinguished between egoistic, anomic,
altruistic, and fatalistic suicide. Dismissing altruistic and fatalistic suicide as
unimportant, he viewed egoistic suicide as a consequence of the deterioration of social
and familial bonds and linked anomic suicide to disillusionment and disappointment.
Egoistic suicide occurs when an individual has a low
level of integration into society, while fatalistic suicide occurs in a highly regulated,
social environment where the individual sees no possible way to improve his or her life.
Women's Fatalistic Suicide in Iran - A
Partial Test of Durkheim in an Islamic Republic
Akbar Aliverdinia, University of Mazandaran, William Alex Pridemore, Indiana University
This version was published on March 1, 2009 - Violence Against Women, Vol. 15, No. 3
Durkheim's theory of fatalistic suicide, or suicide resulting from overregulation of
behavior, has been neglected empirically. The authors test this hypothesis in Iran by
examining the geographic distribution of female suicide. They examine the association
between female suicide rates and multiple measures of social control of women, with rates
expected to be higher in areas with greater social regulation of the lives of women and
stronger traditional tribal cultures. Provinces with lower levels of female education,
female labor force participation, and urbanization have higher female suicide rates.
Whereas social deregulation is often associated with higher suicide rates in the West, the
authors' findings reveal that hyperregulation is associated with higher suicide rates in
Iran, at least for women.
Durkheim's theory of fatalistic suicide: a cross-national approach.
The Journal of social psychology 1979;107(Second Half):161-8.
Altruism and Fatalism: the characteristics of Palestinian suicide terrorists
Pedahzur A.; Perliger A.; Weinberg L.
Deviant Behavior, Volume 24, Number 4, July-August 2003 , pp. 405-423(19)
The suicide method became one of the most prevalent tactics of Palestinian Terrorism in
Israel. Who are these people willing to sacrifice their lives and what drives them to do
such things? We answer these questions, while relying on the concepts of altruistic and
fatalistic suicide from Durkheim's typology of suicide behavior. Palestinian suicide
terrorists from 1993 until the beginning of 2002, fit the "altruistic" type as
well as some elements from the "fatalistic" and represent a combination of both
types; thus they can be labeled under a new category of "fatalistic altruistic"
Suicides in prison fall into two groups: egoistic and fatalistic (Durkheim
typology). Egoistic suicide occurs when an individual has a low level of
integration into society, while fatalistic suicide occurs in a highly regulated, social
environment where the individual sees no possible way to improve his or her life.
Therefore, most suicides in prison are egoistic, whereas those by death row inmates may be
both egoistic and fatalistic, because they are socially isolated and heavily regulated,
and at the same time, weakly integrated. - Lester D, Danto BL: Suicide Behind Bars:
Prediction and Prevention. Philadelphia: The Charles Press, 1993, pp 1821