Sociology Index

FORDISM

Fordism refers to the system of mass production pioneered by Henry Ford to meet the needs of a mass market. Henry Ford pioneered assembly line manufacturing. Fordism refers to economic and social systems based on mass production and mass consumption. Named after Henry Ford, the term Fordism is used in theories about production, consumption, and connected areas.

Fordism is about the manufacturing system designed to mass produce low-cost goods and give its workers decent wages to buy them. Fordism is also about the mass production of standardized products using machinery and unskilled labor.
Fordism was a method used to improve productivity in the automotive industry. Fordism could be applied to any kind of manufacturing process.

Principles of Fordism:

The standardization of the product.

The employment of assembly lines.

Ford realised manufacturing flow through proto-Japanese manufacturing techniques which involved a commitment to continuous improvement. - Karel Williams, University of Wales, John Williams, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Colin Haslam, East London Polytechnic - Work, Employment & Society, Vol. 6, No. 4, 517-555.

The stereotypes of Fordism and mass production. The article quantifies Ford's heroic achievement in taking two-thirds of the labour hours out of the product at the same time as he built more of each car. - Ford versus 'Fordism': The Beginning of Mass Production? 

Everybody’s Life is Like a Spiral: Narrating Post-Fordism in the Lifestyle Movement of the 1970s Sam Binkley, Emerson College, Cultural Studies, Critical Methodologies, Vol4, No1, (2004)
What has been variously termed the post-Fordist turn Western societies describes the demise of a middle class professional culture and the emergence of a new lifestyle morality of expressive self realization. This study examines the role played by selection of lifestyle innovators in this process: through an interpretive theory of narratives of moral change..

Post-Fordism and Workplace Change: Towards a Critical Research Agenda 
Ian Hampson, School of Industrial Relations and Organisational Behaviour, at the University of New South Wales, Peter Ewer, Meg Smith - Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 36, No. 2, 231-257 (1994)
Post-Fordism is an influential account of workplace change. Post-Fordism about the image of workplace change that could confuse the deliberations of those vitally affected by the latter. We argue that post-Fordism. in particular the work of Mathews, fails to distinguish favourable from unfavourable forms of work organization. We counterpose a critical research agenda to that suggested by Mathews. We attempt to take the debate towards a sociology of knowledge of post-Fordism.

Post-Fordism: Historical Break or Utopian Fantasy? 
Diane Fieldes, University of New South Wales, Tom Bramble, La Trobe University, Bundoora,
Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 34, No. 4, 562-579 (1992)
Writers, operating within a paradigm of post-Fordism, contend that traditional Western manufacturing methods, based on mass production and Taylorism, are being replaced by strategies premised on niche markets. In Australia such changes have important implications for the labour movement. These claims are challenged in this article, both because of the determinist framework that informs them.

Fordism on a World Scale: International Dimensions of Regulation - David F. Ruccio, Department of Economics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 21, No. 4, 33-53 (1989)
The method of analysis of the French Regulation School, especially the work of Lipietz, is presented and critically discussed as a potential contribution to a much-needed Marnan class analysis of contemporary capitalism.

The Japanization of Fordism - Stephen Wood, London School of Economics 
Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 14, No. 4, 535-555 (1993)
Japan also began to play an important role in the wider Post-Fordist debates about transformations in production regimes and even societies in general. Japanese model does exposes problems of certain concepts of Fordism, the blanket association of Fordist mass production with inflexibility. At the labour process level, the Japanese model rests on the fundamental bedrock of Fordism work study. It is common to incorrectly identify Fordism with rigidity. We should not expect Fordism to carry a bigger theoretical burden than it can.

From Fordism to?: New Technology, Labour Markets and Unions - Rianne Mahon 
School of Public Administration, Carleton University - Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 8, No. 1, 5-60 (1987).

Globalization, Post-Fordism and the Contemporary Context of Development, Ray Kiely, University of East London, International Sociology, Vol. 13, No. 1, 95-115 (1998)
This article examines the claims that we are living in a new, global, post-Fordist era. The claims of both globalization and post-Fordism are examined.

Post-Fordism, Monopoly Capitalism, and Hollywood's Media Industrial Complex 
Michael Wayne, Brunel University, England michael, International Journal of Cultural Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1, (2003)
Post-Fordist accounts implicitly or explicitly suggest that one of the central dynamics of advanced capitalism, its tendency towards the centralization and concentration of capital is being corrected or reversed.