Sociology Index


Gross Counts of Crime is the count of the total amount of a crime in a given community. In Gross Counts of Crime there is no distinction between crime categories. Total amount of crime in a given community is a gross count of crime. It is usually better to talk about the number of crimes within a specific category, say violent crime. However, one finds that a majority of violent crimes are 'assault level 1' crimes, the least serious form of assault and not classed as violent crime in the USA. Criminologists calculate crime rate by dividing the amount of crime by the population size, multiply by 100,000. Nothing illustrates the rising star of the concept better than the fact that the World Bank has now included social capital among its main criteria in assessing the feasibility of its projects (Edwards & Foley, 2001).