Sociology Index

MARGINALIZATION AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION

What is social marginalization? What is social exclusion? Marginalization, and social exclusion occurs when some people or someone is left out of mainstream society, denied equality of opportunity to participate in social, economic and civic processes. Social exclusion is not only about delinquent or marginalized populations. Social exclusion or marginalization occurs when someone or entire communities of people are systematically blocked from rights, opportunities and resources normally available to other members of society, which are necessary for social integration.

The terms marginalization and social exclusion are used to characterise social disadvantage and relegation to the fringes of society resulting in Inequality of Opportunity. Marginalization and social exclusion has been defined as ‘the process through which individuals or groups are wholly or partially excluded from full participation in the society within which they live.’

Marginalization and social exclusion refers to keeping an individual or group out of social situations. Marginalization, and social exclusion typically occurs in the context that the individual or group is believed to possess undesirable characteristics or characteristics deemed unworthy of attention.

According to the most recent census of 2011, the current population of the Siddi community in Gujarat is approximately 20,000 to 30,000 individuals. The government should focus on backward communities such as the Siddis of Gujarat and work towards the social and economic improvement of such marginalized and socially excluded classes of our society.

Siddis are descendants of East African slaves, sailors and mercenaries supplied by Arab Muslim traders to Indian royalty and the Portuguese over centuries. Having come from Habsh (Abyssinia) they were also known as Habshis. 

People with deviant behavior may become subject to coarse or subtle forms of social exclusion or social deprivation. Traditionally groups facing the risk of social exclusion are ethnic minorities, single mothers, children, people with disabilities and displaced populations. The regional Human Development Report on social inclusion goes beyond the groups-based approach to social exclusion. It assumes that each person has many characteristics that can put him or her at risk of social exclusion. 

Marginalization and social exclusion is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society. It is a term used widely in Europe and was first used in France. The term Marginalisation is used across disciplines including education, sociology, psychology, politics, and economics.

Marginalization and social exclusion of Aboriginal communities is a product of colonization. As a result of colonialism, Aboriginal communities lost their land, were forced into destitute areas, lost their sources of livelihood, and were excluded from the labor market.