Sociology Index


Marxist Feminism is a form of feminism which believes that women's oppression is a more fundamental form of oppression. Marxist Feminism postulates that women are not oppressed by men or by sexism, but by capitalism itself. Marxist feminists challenge capitalism in ways that facilitate new discourse and also shed light on the status of women. Marxist feminists believe that private property leads to economic inequality and negetive social relations between men and women. According to Marxist feminism theory, if all women are to be liberated, capitalism must be replaced with socialism.

In capitalist societies, women become segregated into the domestic sphere and men into the outer world of paid work. Economic and social inequality between the sexes increased and womens' subordination in marriage, the family and in society in general intensified becoming a classic case of Marxist Feminism.

Many Marxist feminists devote their activism to fighting for the inclusion of domestic work within the waged capitalist economy. Marxist-feminism has the potential to analyze the realities of the feminization of poverty. Marxist-feminist analysis must take into account the experiences of poor Third World women rather than apply the white middle class experience globally.

The Redstockings Women's Liberation Theory Archives Distribution Project is a mostly volunteer, grassroots effort, which teaches history for activist use. The militant nature of Marxist feminists and their ability to mobilize to promote social change has enabled them to engage in important women's movements.

In Freidrich Engels' (1820-1895) writing, women's oppression originated with the development of private property and of regulated family and marital relationships. Marxist feminists believe that men's control of economic resources develops with settled society and the development of separate spheres of life for the two sexes.

Women in development: liberalism, Marxism and Marxist-feminism. - Bandarage A
Abstract: This article contrasts liberal, Marxist, and Marxist-feminist positions on economic modernization and Third World women. Liberal feminism, rooted in a belief in the inherent viability of the capitalist system, asserts that underdevelopment in the Third World is caused by traditional values and social structure. The Marxist Feminism perspective helps us to understand the interaction of sexual oppression with class oppression and imperialism. However, it is less useful in understanding issues such as the cultural and psychological dimensions of sexual stratification or the changing relations between men and women under capitalism. A synthesis between Marxism, which focuses on the effects of the economy on women, and radical feminism, which is concerned with the structure of male domination, enables a dialectical analysis of patriarchy and capitalism.

Marxist Feminism: Implications for Criminal Justice - Nicole Hahn Rafter, Elena M. Natalizia.

The Struggle Over Lifelong Learning: A Marxist-Feminist Analysis.
Mojab, Shahrzad; Gorman, Rachel
Abstract: A Marxist-feminist framework explains complex social relations that underpin the lifelong learning debate. Marxist feminism views feminism as a conscious intervention in the hierarchically organized regime of gender power. As a citizen-centered project of social change, lifelong learning must invigorate its ties with social movements, without which it fails to achieve its full potential.