Sociology Index

MASCULINIZATION

Masculinization is a term used to critique of academic discussions of the female offender and depictions of female criminality. Masculinization refers to the attribution of male characteristics to women to understand their behavior instead of locating women's behavior in female experience. The term masculine female identifies members of the female sex who demonstrate masculine features.

Freda Alder argued that the women's movement would lead to an increase in female crime because liberation would make women more like men. Masculinization is also the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female due to hormone or adrenal malfunction.

GENDER AND NATIONALISM: THE MASCULINIZATION OF HINDUISM AND FEMALE POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN INDIA - Sikata Banerjee, Department of Women's Studies, University of Victoria.
Feminist analysis reveals the gendered nature of nations and nationalism. The relationship between the masculinization of Hindu nationalism and female political participation. Indian women are in forefront of the politics of Hindutva. Women have created a political space for themselves in a very masculinist narrative. The historical processes that enabled masculinization.

The Masculinization of Poverty: Gender and Global Restructing 
Keith Nurse, Institute of International Relations, University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago
Masculinism is social construction of gender or a gendered ideology.

Behavioral and Physical Masculinization Are Related to Genotype in Girls with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Catherine M. Hall, Julie A. Jones, Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg, Curtis Dolezal, Michelle Coleman, Peter Foster, David A. Price and Peter E. Clayton 
Girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia exhibit behavioral masculinization. Behavioral masculinization is a consequence of prenatal androgen exposure.