Sociology Index

Matza's Notion Of Drift

In Matza's notion of drift or Matza's concept of drift, young people participate in criminal acts without fully intending to do so and without necessarily possessing values that condone crime. Matza's Notion Of Drift is the Unintentional Crime among the Youth. David Matza argued that delinquency did not emerge as a result of strongly deterministic forces, but rather through a gentle weakening of the moral ties of society, which allowed some young people to drift into delinquency. David Matza and Gresham Sykes, developed a different perspective on social control which explains why some delinquents drift in and out of delinquency. Neutralisation theory, or drift theory as it is often called, proposed that juveniles sense a moral obligation to be bound by the law. Such a bind between a person and the law remains in place most of the time, they argue. When it is not in place, delinquents will drift.

Delinquents hold values, belief, and attitudes very similar to those of law-abiding citizens. In fact, they feel obligated to be bound by law. Then, if bound by law, how can they justify their deviant behavior or delinquent activities? The answer is that they learn techniques which enable them to neutralise such values and attitudes temporarily and thus drift back and forth between legitimate and illegitimate behaviours. They maintain that at times delinquents participate in conventional activities and shun such activity while engaging in criminal acts. Such a theory proposes that delinquents disregard controlling influences of rules and values and use these techniques of neutralisation to weaken the hold society places over them.

Drift is a psychological state of weak normative attachment to either deviant or conventional ways. Labeling, Drift and the Deviant Career Shyness can be seen as a form of social deviance. - Matza, D., Delinquency and Drift: from the research program of the Center for the Study of Law and Society, Wiley.

DO DELINQUENTS REALLY DRIFT? - VELARDE, British Journal of Criminology, 1978.

Application of Neutralization and Drift Theory (Becoming Deviant) to Juveniles in Turkey. Eastern Kentucky University, Masters Thesis, Ibrahim H. Ferzan. The purpose of this thesis is to review the major points of neutralization theory by Gresham Sykes and David Matza and drift theory by David Matza concept of drift, examine related studies as examples of applications of these theories in the U.S., and finally compare this body of knowledge to juveniles in Turkey. In some aspects, this body of knowledge explains the applications of these theories to juveniles in Turkey, whereas sometimes it does not. Some examples peculiar to Turkish juveniles are provided in this thesis. Future research has to be done to explore new techniques by Turkish juveniles and any new contribution to drift theory.

The Shell, the Stranger and the Competent Other - Towards a Sociology of Shyness. Susie Scott.

Abstract: In contemporary Western societies, shyness appears to be an increasingly common experience, and yet its sociological relevance has been overlooked. Within psychology, the condition has been seen as an individual pathology, and there has been little attempt to relate this to the wider cultural context. The argument of this article is that shyness can be interpreted as both a privately felt state of mind and a publicly recognized social role.

It is then suggested that it is normal for people to drift into isolated episodes of shyness as primary deviance, but that in some cases the reactions of others can lead to a career of secondary deviance. However, while a display of shyness may be normalized in certain situations, in others it can pose a more serious or enduring threat to the residual rules of interaction. This motivates the non-shy majority to defend their normative assumptions by casting moral blame upon the individual, and reframes the problem outside of society.

THE NEUTRALIZATION OF CRIMINAL OFFENSE
W. WILLIAM MINOR, University of Maryland, Criminology, Volume 18 Issue 1 - May 1980. A competing hypothesis, derived from Hindelang's challenges to neutralization and drift theories, is that offenders would favor excuses keyed to offenses similar to their own.

Chicano Youth Deviance and Exploration of the Multiple Marginality Theory
Edgar Fragoso and Ro berto Calderon, Ph.D., Department of History
The primary focus of this research is to identify and explore the multiple factors, presented in conjunction with one another, that cause minority youth to drift toward deviant and violent behavior. In addition, through semi-structured interviews, this research will explore the life histories of selected individuals who have served in Texas prisons and identify the combination of factors that pushed and pulled them towards adopting subterranean values and participating in the
informal economy.