Sociology Index

Military Sociology

Military sociology covers the impact of the military on society and the impact of society on the military. In military sociology contemporary military issues, situations, and problems are discussed using a sociological perspective. In military sociology the military is researched as a social institution. Military sociology researches the sociological concepts, principles, and theories used in the study of the military. Military sociology is the scientific method to the study of the military from a sociological perspective. To understand the military and its place in society, it is necessary to study military sociology, and the historical forces that have shaped the present military. Experts in military sociology and military history very often disagree on many important points.

What is a coup?

Coup is short for coup d’état, which is “a sudden and decisive action in politics, especially one resulting in a change of government illegally or by force.” Like insurrection or sedition, the word coup is used to refer to a mutiny or the act of a group suddenly seizing power from any leader, and not just a political one. The word coup literally means “blow” or “stroke” in French, hence one of its additional meanings in English: “a highly successful, unexpected stroke, act, or move; a clever action or accomplishment.”

The phrase coup d’etat literally means “blow of (against) the state.” Several US laws including three in Title 22 of the US Code, which concerns foreign relations and intercourse, concern prohibitions against foreign governments deposed by military coups.

Military Sociology Journals

Journal of political and military sociology has been fortunate to have the professional support of some of the leading scholars in the fields of political and military sociology. Since its founding in 1973, the Journal of political and military sociology has helped to generate scholarly interest in political and military sociology by seeking to advance and disseminate social science knowledge in these sub-fields and other areas in social sciences. By combining the two areas of political and military sociology into one journal, the JPMS has brought together a number of scholars with differing perspectives into the evaluation process of manuscripts.

Military Sociology Abstracts

The state's contribution to social order in national societies: Somalia as an illustrative case - Satoshi Kanazawa & Debra Friedman - Journal of Political & Military Sociology. A mistaken consensus has emerged, since Axelrod's work in 1984, that because co-operation in dyads and small groups is possible without state involvement, social order is possible without it. "Our argument involves somewhat of a paradox: coercive intervention of a central state is necessary to produce and maintain social order precisely because co-operation within groups is possible without it". This can be illustrated by Somalia's clan-based society, in which lower-level stability is achieved at the cost of societal chaos.

Political Violence and Military Sociology

Military sociology theory suggests that violence is a common means used by people and governments around the world to achieve political goals. Many groups and individuals believe that their political systems will never respond to their political demands. As a result they believe that violence is not only justified but also necessary in order to achieve their political objectives. Many governments around the world believe they need to use violence in order to intimidate their populace into acquiescence.

Trust and fraud: occupation and resistance in Norway, 1940-1945. Klas Borell - Journal of Political & Military Sociology - Examines the Rinnan group's approach to infiltrating resistance movements in Nazi-occupied Norway. Associate professor of sociology at Mid-Sweden University, Ostersund. The fraudster's ordinary practice of ingratiation and establishing credentials is here dressed up in the sociological jargon of 'dramaturgical methods' and 'tactical trust-building'.

Examining the importance of organizational supports on family adjustment to Army life in a period of increasing separation. David E Rohall, Mady Wechsler Segal & David R Segal - Journal of Political & Military Sociology.
Analysis of two Patriot missile battery deployments shows how the post-Cold War increase in operational tempo can damage morale through diminished family life and togetherness.

The Moskos institution-occupation model: effects on individual work related perceptions and experiences in the military. Fiona Alpass (et al) - Journal of Political & Military Sociology - Analysis of a New Zealand army personnel sample suggests a limited relevance of Charles Moskos' categorization to matters of job satisfaction, psychological well-being and physical health.

The 1992 coup attempts in Venezuela: causes and failure. Sergei Baburkin (et al) - Journal of Political and Military Sociology
The record of Col Hugo Chavez in the coup attempts of 1992 may yet return to haunt him during his presidency. Associate professor of contemporary history and politics at the Yaroslavl Pedagogical University, Russia.

Military Sociology Books

Handbook of the Sociology of the Military (Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research) by Giuseppe Caforio.

New Directions In Military Sociology by Eric Ouellet.

The Sociology of the Military (International Library of Critical Writings in Sociology) by Giuseppe Caforio.