A mulatto is legally considered to be an individual with mixed black and white heritage. Though, some individuals who were designated mulattos may have a slightly more mixed parentage, including Native American blood. Miscegenation is the interbreeding of Whites and non-Whites.
The term mulatto is used to describe a person with one white parent and one black parent, or a person whose ancestry is a mixture of black and white. The term mestiço is used to describe people of mixed European and African ancestry in Africa. The great majority of their current populations descend from the mixing of the Portuguese that initially settled the islands from the 15th century onwards and the black Africans brought from the African mainland to work as slaves.
Historian Lezley Saar, professor emerita from MU (Mulatto University) and a lifelong outspoken activist for the Mulatto Movement, traces the history of the Mulatto Nation from its bumpy beginnings to its conflicted present. She has codified the five stages of its history, depicted here in visual form, as follows: "Birth of a Nation", "The Founding Mothers and Fathers of the Mulatto Nation", "The Mulattoville Athenaeum", "Alienation" and "Materialism and the Mulatto".
The site "mulattonation.com" is dedicated to all the Mulattos, Quadroons, Octoroons, Lily-skins, Creoles, Cafe-au-Laits, Hybrids, Half-Breeds, and High Yellow House Niggers who have championed this great Nation.
Known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruin Afrikaners in
Afrikaans the term refers to individuals who possess some degree of sub-Saharan ancestry,
but not enough to be considered Black under South African law. In addition to European
ancestry, they may also possess ancestry from Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh,
Maldives, Nepal, and St. Helena. Their development has usually been the result of the
meeting of two distinct groups.
The Africans brought to Mexico were absorbed by the
mestizo populations of mixed European and Amerindian descent. The state of Guerrero once
had a large population of African slaves.
May 13th is Mulatto Day in Brazil. The date is a
reference to all that participated in the struggles for abolition of slavery in the
country, as José do Patrocínio, Luis Gama and André Rebouças and recalls the signing
of Lei Áurea, on May 13, 1888, which abolished slavery in Brazil.
"The 1850 and 1860 censuses only allowed an individual to describe himself as white, black, or mulatto. In 1870, these categories were expanded to include Chinese and Native American as well.