Organic solidarity is a term
used by David Emile Durkheim to refer to a state
of interdependency created by the specialization of roles in which individuals and
institutions become acutely dependent on others in a complex division of labour. In developing his mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity
distinction, Durkheim drew on the organicist thinking that influenced many intellectuals
of his generation.
The basis of organic solidarity
is abstract and may be weakened by anomie when people fail to
comprehend the ties that bind them to others. Modern societies, Durkheim argued, are held
together by organic solidarity.
In 'The Division of Labor in
Society', David Emile Durkheim concluded that increased specialization has two significant
and related effects: it actually changes the very nature of the social
bonds that hold society together, and it encourages individualism
at the expense of community. For a good society
altruism, morality, and social
solidarity are ingredients.
Traditional societies, Durkheim
argued, are held together by mechanical solidarity, a form of social cohesion that is
based on the similarity of the members. Because these societies are small and because
everyone does much the same work, the members are all socialization
is in the same pattern, share the same experiences, and hold common values.
Collective solidarity is a state of social
bonding based on similarity of belief, values and shared
Organic solidarity is social
cohesion based upon the dependence individuals in advanced society have on each other.
Organic solidarity is more common among industrial societies where the division of labor
is more pronounced. Though individuals perform different tasks and often have different
values and interests, the order and very survival of society depends on their organic
solidarity or reliance on each other to perform their specific task.
Emile Durkheim distinguished
between mechanical and organic solidarity. Organic solidarity develops out of differences,
rather than likenesses, between individuals. Organic solidarity is a product of the
division of labor. With increasing differentiation of functions in a society come
increasing differences between its members.
While the individual elements in organic solidarity have less in common, they are much
more interdependent than under mechanical solidarity. Each element in a differentiated
society is less strongly, even though it may be bound with equal rigor to the
differentiated and specialized tasks and roles that characterize systems of organic
A Proposal to Recycle
Mechanical and Organic Solidarity in Community Sociology.
Perry, Charles - Rural Sociology, v51 n3 p263-77 Fall 1986
Abstract: Explores geographical definition of communities and tendency for community
relations to transcend geographical boundaries. Reinterprets Durkheim's theory of social
solidarity to argue that division of labor directly reduces solidarity but indirectly
increases solidarity through secondary groups, the state, and the cult of individuality.
and organic solidarity: The division of labor revisited
Journal Sociological Forum, Publisher Springer Netherlands - Hans-Peter Müller
This paper argues for the classicity of Durkheim's first book: the innovative way viewing
the compatibility of social order and individual autonomy.
Durkheim's book is a classic. Yet classical neither means original nor flawless. This is
shown with respect to the relationship of division of labor and organic solidarity by
looking at the historical debate on the division of labor, by elucidating mechanical and
organic solidarity, and by carving out some of the problems inside organic solidarity.
Solidarity and Organic Solidarity - Anne M. Hornsby
Mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity describe two types of social organization.
Durkheim summarized all historical forms of solidarity into a traditionalmodern
dichotomy. Mechanical solidarity is a simple, pre-industrial form of social cohesion and
organic solidarity is a more complex form that evolves in modern societies. In developing
his mechanical solidarity, organic solidarity distinction, Durkheim drew on the organicist
thinking that influenced many intellectuals of his generation, where human societies are
analyzed with analogies to biological organisms.
Organic Solidarity Due
to the Division of Labour
Belarus State Economic Universit
It is quite otherwise with the solidarity which the division of labour produces. Whereas
the previous type, mechanical solidarity, implies that individuals resemble each other,
this type of organic solidarity presumes their difference.
Each organ, in effect, has its special physiognomy, its autonomy. The unity of the
organism is as great as the individuation of the parts is more marked. We propose to call
the solidarity which is due to the division of labour, organic solidarity. - Belarus State
Social Morals, the Sacred and State Regulation in Durkheims Sociology
Ivan Varga, Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada,
Durkheim analysed the mechanisms and types of institutions that create organic solidarity
and prevent it from imploding for lack of moral cement. Durkheim laid great emphasis on
professional ethics and civic morals, that ought to ensure the maintenance of solidarity
and avoid, anomie. His considerations involve the concept of the
sacred, its relationship to "political society" and morality, authority, democracy, citizenship and "world patriotism".
Sisters at Work - Career and Community Changes - ELIZABETH K.
BRIODY, TERESA A. SULLIVAN, University of Texas at Austin - Work and Occupations,
Vol. 15, No. 3, 313-333 (1988)
Apostolic sisters of the post-Vatican period seem to exemplify the concept of organic
solidarity; there is more variation with regard to occupations and life-style. The
analysis focuses on the life histories of sisters residing in South Texas. In particular,
the analysis relates the diversification in their careers to changes in their ideology and lifestyle.