Social media, could potentially play a role in encouraging polarization of classes. It is a known fact that polarization of classes in society is going to occur between those individuals who have technological know-how and the have-nots. Polarization of classes in Marxian analysis is the inevitable historical process of the class structure becoming increasingly polarized. The secondary classes of capitalism like the self-employed, and the residual aristocracy, will disappear and be absorbed into either the bourgeois class or the proletariat. Instead of merely asserting a tendency toward a polarization of classes, Karl Marx predicted ever-increasing misery for the mass of the population. And it was this ever-increasing misery that would lead the masses to the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism.
The continuous increase of productivity signified not increasing polarization of classes in society and the eventual destruction of the middle class, but steady improvements for the workers and the increase of the middle class. Thus, the role of the Social Democracy was not to dissolve this society and to make proletarians of all its members.
The abstract space of technological and financial globalization can have profound effects on the practice of everyday life at the level of the local, as well as the regional and national level of citizenship and the state.
There is a growing concentration of wealth and poverty and polarization of classes; within cities and states, between states, and between supranational regions, polarizations are increasing.
There did exist serious reasons for thinking that capitalism inevitably implied an increasing polarization of classes, the absolute pauperization of the proletariat, a progressive fall in the rate of profits, anarchism, periodic crises of overproduction, massive unemployment and the disappearance of the middle classes.