Politics is activities concerned with the acquisition or
exercise of authority or status; management or control of private affairs and interests
within an organization, family, etc.
Politics is the ideas, principles, or commitments of an individual, organization, etc., in
political life. Politics is the organizational process or principle according to which
decisions are made affecting authority, status, etc.
It can be narrowly
defined as all that relates to the way a society is governed. Politics is the process by
which the community makes decisions and establishes values that are binding upon its
This definition comes
from the original Greek meaning of politics, the government of the city state.
Greek word "polis" meaning state or city gave the word
"Politics." Anything concerning the state or city affairs is
"Politikos." "Politicus" in Latin and "politique" in French
In general speech,
politics refers much more widely to processes that involve the exercise of power, status
or influence in making decisions or establishing social relationships. This latter meaning
is implied by the idea of office politics or sexual politics (as
used by Kate Millett) or the claim that the personal is political.
The art or science of government, dealing with the form,
organization, and administration of a State or part of a State, and with the regulation of
its relations with other States.
Politics involves public life and affairs involving the
authority and government of a State or part of a State.
Political analysts classify politics into left wing,
right wing politics and center politics [between the right and the left].
The meaning of left-wing and right-wing varies considerably while the right wing often
values tradition and a free market, the left wing often values reform and egalitarianism.
The Left believes in attempting to eradicate social
inequality, while the Right considers social inequality as the result of ineradicable
natural inequalities, and sees attempts to enforce social equality as utopian or
Christian Democracy, claim to combine left and right wing politics, "In terms of
ideology, Christian Democracy has incorporated many of the views held by liberals,
conservatives and socialists within a wider framework of moral and Christian
principles." - Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood, European Politics Today,
Manchester University Press, 1997
anarchist and totalitarian
Authoritarianism political systems is where
"individual rights and goals are subjugated to group goals, expectations and
conformities", while a libertarian political system is one in which individual rights
and civil liberties are paramount. - Markus Kemmelmeier et al. (2003).
"Individualism, Collectivism, and Authoritarianism in Seven Societies". Journal
of Cross-Cultural Psychology.
Anarchists argue for the total abolition of government, while totalitarians support state
control over all aspects of society.
The Analysis of Modern Politics
van Houten, Pieter
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Cross-Regional Conference for AFP Fellows in
Political Science/International Relations/History
Abstract: This introductory course in Politics at Cambridge is a first-year course in a
multi-disciplinary Social Sciences BA program. It aims to introduce key concepts relevant
to the study of politics - in particular the state, representation, and democracy - and to
show their relevance for understanding practical politics. It is organized around 12 main
texts. The lectures discuss these texts and apply their insights to a specific case or
issue in politics. I will discuss the course aims, the choices we made in designing the
course, and the experienced strengths and weaknesses of this course.
The Personalization of Modern Politics
CAPRARA, GIAN VITTORIO
European Review, Volume (Year): 15 (2007) Issue (Month): 02 (May) Pages: 151-164
Abstract: The individual characteristics of leaders and voters have assumed great
importance in modern political discourse. Pervasive media influence points to leaders
personality as an anchor around which political information is organized in drawing in
and/or deterring the electorate s preferences. Voters traits, values and perceptions of
politicians are no less important than traditional socio-demographic characteristics such
as gender, age, educational level, occupation and income in explaining political
preferences. Recent findings suggest that politics is becoming personalized, as political
choices increasingly depend on voters personality. More specifically, voters distinctive
pattern of habits, attitudes and values, serve as a compass that grants coherence to their
own preferences and that helps them make sense of politicians' behaviour.