Social bond is the degree to which
an individual is integrated into the society, or the social.
The binding ties or social bonding
to the family. Social bond also includes social bonding to the school, to the
workplace and to the community.
Social Bond theory was written by
Travis Hirschi in 1969. Social Bond theory later developed into Social Control Theory.
While David Emile Durkheim first focused on the importance
of the social bond it has gained wide acceptance in the theory and research of Travis
Hirschi. Hirschi argues that as the socal bond is weakened as the degree of deviant
involvement goes up.
Travis Hirschi's Social
Travis Hirschi presented four social bonds which promote socialization and conformity:
attachment, commitment, involvement and belief. According to Travis Hirschi, the stronger
these four bonds, the least likely one would become delinquent. Hirschi first assumes that
everyone has potential to become delinquent and criminal and it is social controls, not
moral values, that maintain law and order. Without controls, he argues, one is free to
commit criminal acts.
Emotions, the Social Bond,
and Human Reality: Part/Whole Analysis - Thomas J. Scheff
Innovative approach to researching human behavior which relates the smallest parts of social interaction to the greatest wholes of social structure. Scheff combines the insights of the
humanities and social sciences to better understand what he calls 'human reality'. He puts
a fresh emphasis on the importance of emotions in the social bond.
Family, Friends and
Followers: Political and Social Bonds in Early Medieval Europe - Gerd Althoff,
This work documents and describes just how extensively crucial personal and social bonds
influenced political life in Europe in the Early and High Middle Ages. Political life in
the Middle Ages was significantly influenced by the social bonds people had to one
another, and the bonds of kinship, friendship and
lordship were by far the most important. Gerd Althoff demonstrates how the nature and
importance of these social bonds changed, as did the rules and norms which governed them.
bond theory and drunk driving in a sample of college students.(Report): An article from:
College Student Journal by Keith F. Durkin, Scott E. Wolfe, Ross W. May
School Delinquency and the
School Social Bond - PATRICIA H. JENKINS
This article examines the independent effects of the four components of the school social
bond, like school commitment, attachment to school, school involvement, and belief in
school rules, on school crime, school misconduct, and school nonattendance. The results
suggest that personal background, family involvement in schooling, and ability grouping
have differential effects on the school bond components. An examination of the independent
effects of the four components of the school social bond suggests that certain components
are more important than others in controlling different types of school delinquency.
Results suggest that the school social bond is an important intervening mechanism that
helps to explain the effects of certain predictor variables on school crime, school
misconduct, and nonattendance in middle schools.
Shame and the Social Bond:
A Sociological Theory - Thomas J. Scheff
Emotion has long been recognized in sociology as crucially important, but most references
to it are generalized and vague. In this essay, I nominate shame, specifically, as the
premier social emotion. First I review the individualized treatment of shame in
psychoanalysis and psychology, and the absence of social context. I consider the
contributions to the social dimensions of shame by Georg Simmel, Charles Cooley, Norbert
Elias, Richard Sennett, Helen Lynd, Erving Goffman, and a psychologist/psychoanalyst,
Helen Lewis. I show that Cooley and Lynd, particularly, made contributions to a theory of
shame and the social bond. Lewis's idea that shame arises from threats to the bond
integrates the contributions of all six sociologists, and points toward future research on
emotion, conflict, and alienation/integration.
Social Bond Theory and Alcohol Use Among College Students. - Cherry,
Andrew L., Jr.
Abstract: Investigated incidence of alcohol use by college students, relationship among
social bond variables, and ability of social bond variables to predict alcohol use.
Psychosocial scales measuring elements of social bond to the college community were used
successfully to classify abstainers, light-to-moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers in 74%
of the cases. - eric.ed.gov
An empirical examination of the social bond theory of drug use. -
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between control
theory, measured through a created social bond scale, and the respondents' self-admitted
drug use. An analysis was conducted of self-reported drug use data from a general Texas
adult population. This analysis included a series of bivariate cross-comparison
correlations between the independent variable (social bond) and the dependent drug
variables. The relationship between the independent and dependent variables was further
examined by calculating the correlation and level of significance within selected
categories of several demographic (age, race, sex, education, income, and marital status)
variables. The results showed a significant positive correlation between reduced social
bonding and greater drug use. However, while these relationships were significant, they
were relatively weak and of little explanatory value. It was concluded that Hirschi's
social bond theory fails to provide an adequate explanation for the use of drugs within
the framework of this analysis.
SOCIAL BOND THEORY AND
BINGE DRINKING AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS: A MULTIVARIATE
College Student Journal, September 1, 1999, DURKIN, KEITH F.; WOLFE, TIMOTHY W.; CLARK,
This paper presents the results of a research project that examined the influence of
social bond variables on binge drinking in a sample of college students. A questionnaire
containing items which reflected a number of social bond variables and a measure of
frequency of binge drinking was administered to a sample (n=247) of college students. The
results indicated that nearly all of the social bond measures were inversely related to
the frequency of binge drinking. A multivariate model that used these social bond measures
explained approximately one-quarter of the variance in ...