Social bond is the degree to which
an individual is integrated into the society. Social bond is the binding ties or social
bonding to the family. Social bond also includes social bonding to the school, to the
workplace and to the community. Social Bond theory was written
by Travis Warner Hirschi in 1969. Social Bond
theory later developed into Social Control Theory.
David Emile Durkheim first focused on the social
bond. It has gained wide acceptance in the theory and research of Travis Hirschi. Hirschi
argues that as the socal bond is weakened as the degree of deviant
behavior goes up.
Travis Hirschi's Social
Travis Hirschi presented four social bonds which promote socialization
and conformity: attachment, commitment, involvement and belief. According to Travis
Hirschi, the stronger these four bonds, the least likely one would become delinquent.
Hirschi first assumes that everyone has potential to become delinquent and criminal and it
is social control, not moral values,
that maintain law and order. Without controls, he argues, one is free to commit criminal
Emotions, the Social Bond,
and Human Reality: Part/Whole Analysis - Thomas J. Scheff
Innovative approach to researching human behavior which relates the smallest parts of social interaction to the greatest wholes of social structure. Scheff combines the insights of the
humanities and social sciences to better understand what he calls 'human reality'. He puts
a fresh emphasis on the importance of emotions in the social bond.
Family, Friends and
Followers: Political and Social Bonds in Early Medieval Europe, Gerd Althoff,
Christopher Carroll - Describes just how extensively crucial personal and social bonds
influenced political life in Europe in the Early and High Middle Ages. Political life in
the Middle Ages was significantly influenced by the social bonds people had to one
another, and the bonds of kinship, friendship and
lordship were by far the most important. Gerd Althoff demonstrates how the nature and
importance of these social bonds changed, as did the rules and norms
which governed them.
Social bond theory and
drunk driving in a sample of college students. (Report): An article from: College
Student Journal by Keith F. Durkin, Scott E. Wolfe, Ross W. May
School Delinquency and the
School Social Bond - PATRICIA H. JENKINS
This article examines the independent effects of the school social bond, like school
commitment, attachment to school, school involvement, and belief
in school rules, on school crime. An examination of the independent effects of the four
components of the school social bond suggests that certain components are more important
than others. Results suggest that the school social bond is an important intervening
mechanism that helps to explain the effects of certain predictor variables
on school crime, school misconduct, and nonattendance in middle schools.
Shame and the Social Bond:
A Sociological Theory - Thomas J. Scheff
I consider the contributions to the social dimensions of shame by Georg Simmel, Charles
Horton Cooley, Norbert Elias, Richard Sennett, Helen
Lynd, Erving Goffman, and a psychologist and
psychoanalyst, Helen Lewis. I show that Cooley and Lynd, particularly, made contributions
to a theory of shame and the social bond. Lewis's idea that shame arises from threats to
the social bond integrates the contributions of all six sociologists.
Social Bond Theory and
Alcohol Use Among College Students. - Cherry, Andrew L., Jr.
Investigated incidence of alcohol use by college students, relationship among social bond
variables, and ability of social bond variables to predict alcohol use. Psychosocial
scales measuring elements of social bond to the college community were used successfully
to classify abstainers, light-to-moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers.
An empirical examination of the social bond theory of drug use. -
This analysis included a series of bivariate analysis,
cross-comparison correlations between the independent
variable, social bond, and the dependent drug variables. The relationship between the
independent and dependent variables was further examined. The results showed a significant
positive correlation between reduced social bonding and greater drug use. It was concluded
that Hirschi's social bond theory fails to provide an adequate explanation for the use of
drugs within the framework of this analysis.
SOCIAL BOND THEORY AND
BINGE DRINKING AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS: A MULTIVARIATE
College Student Journal, September 1, 1999, DURKIN, KEITH F.; WOLFE, TIMOTHY W.; CLARK,
Research project that examined the influence of social bond variables on binge drinking in
a sample of college students. A questionnaire containing items which reflected a number of
social bond variables and a measure of frequency of binge drinking was administered to a
sample (n=247) of college students. Nearly all of the social bond measures were inversely
related to the frequency of binge drinking. A multivariate model that used these social
bond measures explained approximately one-quarter of the variance.