Books on Social
Control, Bibliography, Syllabus, Social
Control Abstracts, Journals
Society is best conceived as the product of interactions between
component individuals which are controlled by a body of traditions and norms that arise in
the process of interaction. Social control is "the central fact and the central
problem of society" - Park
Society has several mechanisms for building us and our personality. The
first mechanism is socialization. Through socialization we
learn who we are and what is expected of us and others in our culture. All of our
identities come from society. Socialization begins in childhood and
continues throughout our lives as we encounter and move through different institutions. By
defining what behavior is good, society also defines what is deviant.
A second mechanism society has for building us is social control, which
is used to re-build deviants or at least keep them from interfering with the normal
operation of society. Social control ranges from gossip and ridicule to imprisonment and
execution. Society also has mechanisms for distributing valued resources. Through stratification society categorizes people and
distributes valued resources to them based on the categories. Among the most important
categories are class, race
Our class, race and gender affect how we are socialized, what type of
social control we face, what opportunities we receive and what obstacles weface. Finally,
society provides us with ideologies, justifications for our systems of socialization,
social control and stratification, and
other social arrangements. Sociologists use the term sociological imagination to describe
the ability to see the impact of these processes on our private lives, we are a
consequence of society. People are also the cause of society, we build it. Many important
changes happen because of social movements,
which consist of many people organized to promote social
change. We participate in socializing others, carrying out social control, reproducing
the stratification system, and promoting ideologies. Sociologists use the term the social construction of reality to describe
how people build the social world. - David Schweingruber.
Social control is defined as any effort to ensure conformity to laws,
rules, or norms. It is the flip side of deviant behavior. One often causes the other. When
people find behaviors or attributes offensive, they create laws, rules, or norms that
prohibit those deviances. Then they will attempt to ensure conformity by enforcing
Although it is created to deter deviant behavior, social control may also cause deviant
behavior. Gary Marx's article, "Ironies of Social Control," describes three ways
in which social control can result in deviant behavior. Note the three concepts in Marx's
title: escalation, nonenforcement, and covert facilitation.
Gary T. Marx, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, M.I.T.
Social Control and Police - Technologies of social control -
Social control is arguably the oldest concept in sociology. Ever since Edward A.
Rosss treatise of the subject in the late nineteenth century, social control has
remained alive in sociology and criminology, although with different meanings. At
first, social control referred to a societys capacity to regulate itself. Then it
was employed to indicate the more repressive and coercive forms of top-down control in
capitalist regimes. From the 1950s onwards, social control has been conceived more
narrowly in relationship to deviance and/or crime: social control refers to those
mechanisms that are put into operation in response to crime, deviant behavior, or other
deviations from socially prescribed norms. Within the last perspective, recent years have
seen new forms of social control, generally thought of as progressive and rational
alternatives to oppressive and coercive means, are added to the already existing systems
of punishment, criminal justice and social control.
Deflem, Mathieu. 1992. The Invisibilities of Social Control: Uncovering Gary
Marxs Discovery of Undercover. Crime, Law and Social Change 18(1/2):177-192. -
Park's view is that society is best conceived as the product of
interactions between component individuals which are controlled by a body of traditions
and norms that arise in the process of interaction. Social control is "the central
fact and the central problem of society."
What are deviant behavior and social control? In chapter 1 of Deviant
Behavior Erich Goode begins by debunking what he considers false conceptions of deviance.
His "Five Misleading Definitions of Deviance" correspond to the misconceptions
of many laypersons and several scholars as well. -
Books On Social Control
Identity and Control: How Social Formations Emerge by Harrison
Social Control: An Introduction by James Chriss
Law, and Social Control - Alida V. Merlo, Joycelyn M. Pollock
Examines women as offenders, professionals, and victims. Explores current issues,
including the increase in womens imprisonment rates, women as rape survivors, women
who kill in abusive relationships, and women working within the criminal justice system.
Sex: Sexology and Social Control in Modern Japan - by Sabine Fruhstuck
Study of sex, power, and knowledge in modern Japan, this ambitious work provides the first
full-scale, detailed history of the formation and application of a science of sex from
Meiji through mid-twentieth century Japan. Tracing the different uses made of sexual
knowledge, the book brings to light the complex and subtle interplay between sexuality,
scientific expertise, social control, and empire building.
Social Control of Cities?: A Comparative Perspective (Studies in Urban and Social
Change) - by Sophie Body-Gendrot
The purpose of this chapter is to test the possible correlation between the impact of the
globalization of the economy on the city, the growth of inequalities and of power
conflicts, and the violence and crime which may ensue in specific segregated urban areas.
Social Organization and Social Control (Heritage of Sociology Series)
Morris Janowitz, James Burk (Editor)
The task of his "pragmatic sociology" was to identify fundamental trends in the
social organization of industrial societies, to indicate their substantive implications
for social control, and to clarify realistic alternatives for institution building which
would strengthen the prospects for maintaining liberal democratic regimes.
Organized to demonstrate the common logic of inquiry and substantive unity of Janowitz's
contribution to several subfields of sociology, the collection includes analyses of the
concept of social control, ethnic intolerance and hostility, citizenship in Western
societies, models for urban education, and the professionalization of military elites.
Media, Social Control, and Social Change: A Macrosocial Perspective - David
Pearce Demers, K Viswanath, (Editor)
Many theories of mass communications deal with the issue of social control, but few are
conceived specifically as theories of social control.
Card F : Television, Mythinformation and Social Control by Anonymous, Various
Test Card F systematically dismantles the myth-machine of Television, and in the process
brings down the culture of distraction surrounding Television.
Test Card F addresses the issue of The Society of the Spectacle - what happens when we all
become viewers, spectators in our lives? Today's television viewers are more informed than
ever in mankind's history, but are we more active? What is the role of commercials in the
television mindscape? Who are these people on the box we see every day? Just who's at the
Deviance and Social Control by Rodney Stark, William Sims Bainbridge
and Social Control: A Reader by Ronald Weitzer
Conveniently divided into five comprehensive parts, Deviance and Social Control provides
readers with a selection of articles that examine core issues in the field of deviant
behavior and social control.
of Deviance and Social Control by Stephen J Pfohl
A persuasive theme is that power relations, which are socially organized, shape a person's
perception, definition, and reaction to deviance; thus, the study of deviance and social
control is decidedly political.
Control in Slave Plantation Societies: A Comparison of St. Domingue and Cuba by
Gwendolyn Midlo Hall
and Persuasion: Fiestas and Social Control in Rural Mexico by Stanley Brandes
In "Power and Persuasion" Stanley Brandes demonstrates how the annual fiesta
cycle reflects political dependency of local communities on the nation-state, helps
maintain formal authority, and perpetuates behavioral norms and social values.
social control, and modernization in Latin America (Modernization of traditional
societies series) by Ivan Vallier
Social Control and Artistic Creation in the European Middle Ages (Cultures, Beliefs,
and Traditions, Vol 4) by Jan M. Ziolkowski (Editor)
Liberty" in a Brazilian Gold-Mining Region: Slavery, Gender, and Social Control in
Eighteenth-Century Sabara, Minas Gerais by Kathleen J. Higgins
Shows how the gender relations between female slaves and their white masters have often
subverted the values of a hypocritical and conservative society, allowing the changing of
status of black women, among which the most famous one was certainly Chica da Silva, a
former slave who began to live among the members of the limited gold-mining elite after
becoming the concubine of a portuguese official.
and Social Control in Russia: Petrovskoe, a Village in Tambov by Steven Hoch
Topics covered include amount and kinds of food available to the peasants, housing
conditions, household size, marriage patterns, and methods of social control.
Control In Europe: 1800-2000 (The History of Crime and Criminal Justice) by Clive
Emsley (Editor), Eric Johnson (Editor), Pieter Spierenburg (Editor)
and Social Control: Essays in Honor of Sheldon L. Messinger (New Lines in Criminology)
by T. G. Blomberg (Editor), Stanley Cohen (Editor), Thomas G. Blomberg (Editor), S. Cohen
Social Control Martin Innes
Provides a clear, yet panoramic analysis of how the concept of social control has been
used by different theoretical traditions in the social sciences.
Understanding Social Control investigates how the concept of social control has been used
to capture the ways in which individuals, communities and societies respond to a variety
of forms of deviant behaviour. In so doing, the book demonstrates how an appreciation of
the meanings of the concept of social control is vital to understanding the dynamics and
trajectories of social order in contemporary late-modern societies. Through an analysis of
a range of different modes of social control including: policing, imprisonment,
surveillance, risk management, audit and architecture, this book explores how and why the
mechanisms and processes of social control are changing.
Control and Political Order: European Perspectives at the End of the Century. by
Roberto Bergalli (Editor), Colin S Sumner (Editor)
Social control is a key concept within sociology, arguably one of the most important.
Contributors debate the issues relating to the future of social control from a
range of perspectives. Social Control and Political Order provides an in-depth examination
of the debates on the possibilities and problems for social control as a core sociological
of Social Control: Crime, Punishment, and Classification Stanley Cohen
Excellent and Inspiring,
Stanley Cohen's Visions of Social Control is a unique book in criminological theory. It
looks at imprisonment and its alternatives through a macro-historical perspective,
comparing models and approaches all over the map, from Rothman to Foucault and Ignatieff.
Good and Ill Repute': Gender and Social Control in Medieval England Barbara Hanawalt
Hanawalt explores how social control was maintained in Medieval England. She examines the
complex social regulations and stigmatizations that medieval society used to arrive at
decisions about certain individuals.
Crime, Law, and Social Control (Cambridge Studies in Criminology)
by Sally S. Simpson, Alfred Blumstein, David Farrington (Series Editor)
The purpose of this book is to examine whether a shift toward the use of criminal law with
its emphasis on punishment and stigmatization will be a successful crime control strategy.
and Masters in the Roman Empire: A Study in Social Control
by K. R. Bradley
The author demonstrates, first, how the tensions generated between slaves and masters can
be perceived in the ancient sources, and, second, how those tensions were dealt with, as
masters treated their slaves with varying forms of generosity and punishment in order to
elicit obedience from them.
in America : Social Control and the Ironies of Imprisonment
by Michael Welch
The overarching themes of Punishment in America are social control and the ironic effects
of incarceration. In an effort to reduce crime, the criminal justice system ironically
produces various self-defeating measures. Moreover, these pitfalls in current correctional
policy and practice which neglect fundamental social inequality merely compound the
problem of crime.
Culture of Surveillance: Discipline and Social Control in the United States
(Contemporary Social Issues (New York, N.Y.).) by William G. Staples
This provocative new book traces a continuum of social controls, from the simple
surveillance camera to lie-detector tests. This book will help readers identify with and
understand the consequences of social control.
Surveillance and Social Control: Cctv and Police Monitoring of Suspects
by Tim Newburn, Stephanie Hayman
the Law Ends: The Social Control of Corporate Behavior by Christopher D. Stone
Catholics and Hitler's Wars: A Study in Social Control by Gordon C. Zahn
Threat and Social Control (Suny Series in Deviance and Social Control)
by Allen E. Liska (Editor)
Control : Views from the Social Sciences (SAGE Focus Editions) by Jack P. Gibbs
What role will the law, the mass media, or behaviour modification have in preventing
socially undesirable actions or guiding the course of society? What will be subject to
social control in the future? What will its impact be on specific institutions, the
family, education, and politics? Social control of some sort is necessary: when does it
begin to interfere with freedom?
Social Control and Political Order - European Perspectives at the End of the
Edited by: Roberto Bergalli University of Barcelona, Spain
Colin S Sumner University of Salford, UK
Assessment of issues surrounding the concept of social control, and indicates its
significance for the new political orders developing in contemporary Europe. The
contributors debate the issues relating to the future of social control from a range of
Women and the Social Control of Their Bodies. Reading, Berkshire: Research
Publications for the British Library of Political and Economic Science, 1988
COVERAGE The institutions of marriage and family were threatened by the new methods of
birth control which became available in the late 19th century. The first organization in
England dedicated to advocating the practice of birth control was the Malthusian League.
and Social Control
Crime Law and Social Control
of Deviance and Social Control
and Social Control A Reader
Study in Social Control
and Social Control Japan
and Social Control in Russia
Threat and Social Control Religion
Deviance and Social Control
Catholics and Hitlers Wars
Control in Eighteenth Century Sabara
social control and modernization
Control and the Ironies of Imprisonment
Control of Corporate Behavior
and Social Control in Medieval England
Mythinformation and Social Control
Media Social Control and Social Change
Control and the Social Sciences
Culture of Surveillance Discipline and Social Control in the United States
of Social Control
Control and Artistic Creation
Control in Slave Plantation Societies
Surveillance and Social Control
Control and Political Order
Control In Europe
Social Organization and Social Control
Social Control of Cities
and Social Control in Rural Mexico
Law and Social Control