Social Customs And Traditions In Indonesia
Customs And Traditions, Books On Customs
The Indonesian culture originated from the farming
activities of the indigenous people. It was influenced by the waves of traders from India,
China, Saudi Arabia and Europe which also brought their religious teachings. Customs and
traditions which have merged with religious teachings, have different ceremonies and
festivities, which vary from area to area.
Customs and Traditions
Whilst unity has been a result of history, different cultures are based on many different
ethnic groups found in the country which have maintained their traditions, languages and
dialects. Protected by adat or customary law which differs from one region to another.
Ultimately, adat is man's ties
to his family and to his community and is applied to his way of life. Western influence
arrived with the Portuguese, in the early 16th century and later with the arrival of
British and Dutch merchants. The Hindu cultural heritage, Ramayana and Mahabharata epics
which play an important role in the Indonesian culture.
January 1st: The first of January is a national holiday, Indonesians usually celebrate New
Year's Eve in various forms and festivities. It is not a traditional celebration.
Major Religious Holidays in
Major celebrations with respect to other religions are commemorated by those who follow
the religions concerned are proclaimed as National Holidays by the Government.
Moslem Religious Holidays in Indonesia - Eidil Fitri
This celebration is based upon the lunar calendar, therefore it does not always fall on
the same date or month of the solar calendar. The celebration follows general prayers at
the Mosque after which people visit each other to pay respects and ask their elders and
friends for forgiveness. Indonesians celebrate Eidil Fitri for two days as a national
Eid'l Adha: Pilgrimage holiday
The Moslem Day of sacrifices, commemorated with mass prayers at mosque and in town square.
Goats and cattle are slaughtered and the meat given to the poor and needy.
Muharram 1st: New Year
Isra' and Mi'raj of Prophet Mohammad: ascension day
Maulud: Birthday of Prophet Mohammad.
In Yogyakarta, celebrations to commemorate of the birthday of the Prophet Mohammad, about
one week before the actual day, begin with traditional ceremonies, carnivals and festival.
On the day of the birthday of Prophet Mohammad, a parade of the Keraton guards and
procession of the Gunungan start from 8:00 a.m. at the Northern Square.
Christian Religious Holidays in Indonesia
Good Friday: Ascension day of Jesus Christ
Christmas: Christmas is celebrated nationwide, particularly by those who profess the
Christian faith. Celebrations during Christmas day have a somewhat regional flavor
throughout the various cultures in Indonesia.
Buddhist Holidays in Indonesia
Waicak: Buddha's birthday and death
Preceded by the holy fire, the Buddha statue and a Miniature stupa are carried in a
procession, followed by the Bikhsus, clad in their yellow robes and members of the
Hindu Religious Holidays in Indonesia
Nyepi: Saka New Year. The Hindu Dharma New Year of the solar/lunar calendar is celebrated
only in the island of Bali.