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Social Mobility - Syllabus

Abstracts, Books on Social Mobility, Horizontal Social MobilityVertical Social Mobility, Social Mobility

Stratification and Mobility Dr. Matthew McKeever - University of Kentucky - Intended as an introduction to the major theories, methods, and findings of stratification and mobility research in sociology. Comprises one of the main areas of research in both American and international sociology.

Students interested in the study of social inequalities will benefit from taking this course not only because it familiarizes one with this body of research, but also because it presents an organized frame of reference within which it is possible to construct research questions. We will examine this field by reading the classic works in the core areas of study.

Begins with an introduction to the theoretical traditions that underlie this body of literature. This includes the construction of the concept of class in the writings of Marx and Weber, more recent theoretical works that examine alternative resources utilized for attaining status in industrial societies, and the bases of different measures of socioeconomic status.

The course then covers the major topic areas of stratification research: class analysis, status attainment, educational attainment, and occupational mobility. In this section we will focus on both the methodology and the substantive findings of core research. The third part of the course is an investigation of further alterations to these core areas of study, as well as new empirical research sites. In this section we will examine topics such as race and gender, alternative labor market theories, consequences of mobility and inequality, and studies of inequality in transitional societies.

Sorokin, Pitirim A. [1927] "Mechanism of Social Testing, Selection, and Distribution of Individuals Within Different Social Strata." Pp. 182-211 in Social and Cultural Mobility. New York: The Free Press, 1959.

Duncan, Otis Dudley. 1961. "A Socioeconomic Index for All Occupations" and "Properties and Characteristics of the Socioeconomic Index." Pp. 109-138 and pp. 139-161 in Occupations and Social Status, edited by Albert J. Reiss, Jr. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.

Hodge, Robert W., Paul M. Siegel, and Peter H. Rossi. 1964. "Occupational Prestige in the United States, 1925-63." American Journal of Sociology70:286-302.

Treiman, Donald J. 1977. Occupational Prestige in Comparative Perspective. New York: Academic Press. Chps. 1 and 5.

Hauser, Robert M., and John Robert Warren. 1997. "Socioeconomic Indexes for Occupations: A Review, Update, and Critique." Pp. 177-298 in Sociological Methodology 1997, edited by Adrian E. Raftery. Washington DC: The American Sociological Association.

Goldthorpe, John H., and Keith Hope. 1972. "Occupational Grading and Occupational Prestige." Pp. 19-80 in The Analysis of Social Mobility: Methods and Approaches, edited by Keith Hope. Oxford Studies in Social Mobility Working Papers I. Oxford: Clarendon.

Wright, Erik Olin. 1985. Classes. London: Verso. Chapter 5.

Goldthorpe, John H., Catriona Llewellyn, and Clive Payne. 1987. Social Mobility and Class Structure in Modern Britain, 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon. Pp. 40-43.

Robinson, Robert V., and Jonathan Kelley. 1979. "Class as Conceived by Marx and Dahrendorf: Effects on Income Inequality, Class Consciousness, and Class Conflict in the United States and Great Britain." American Sociological Review44:38-58.

Western, Mark and Janeen Baxter. 2001. "Introduction." Pp. 1-3 in Janeed Baxter and Mark Western Reconfigurations of Class and Gender.Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Evans, Geoffrey. 1992. "Testing the Validity of the Goldthorpe Class Scheme." European Sociological Review8:211-32.

Breen, Richard. 1997. "How Reliable Are Studies of Social Mobility? An Investigation into the Consequences of Errors in Measuring Social Class." Research in Social Stratification and Mobility15:91-112.

Blau, Peter M., and Otis Dudley Duncan. 1967. The American Occupational Structure. New York: Wiley. Chp. 5.

Horan, Patrick. 1978. "Is Status Attainment Research Atheoretical?" American Sociological Review43:534-541.

Kelley, Jonathan, Robert V. Robinson, and Herbert S. Klein. 1981. "A Theory of Social Mobility, with Data on Status Attainment in a Peasant Society." Research in Social Stratification and Mobility1:27-66.

Sewell, William H., and Robert M. Hauser. 1975. Education, Occupation, and Earnings: Achievement in the Early Career. New York: Academic. Pp. 89-112.

Toka, Gabor, and Jaap Dronkers. 1997. "Sibling Resemblance in Education Attainment, Occupational Prestige, and Wealth in Hungary during the Communist Regime." European Sociological Review12:251-70.

Warren, John Robert, and Robert M. Hauser. 1997. "Social Stratification across Three Generations: New Evidence from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study." American Sociological Review62:561-72.

Mare, Robert D. 1981. "Change and Stability in Educational Stratification." American Sociological Review46:72-87.

Blossfeld, Hans-Peter, and Yossi Shavit. 1993. "Persisting Barriers: Changes in Educational Opportunities in Thirteen Countries." Pp. 1-24 in Persistent Inequality: Changing Educational Attainment in Thirteen Countries, edited by Yossi Shavit and Hans-Peter Blossfeld. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Raftery, Adrian E., and Michael Hout. 1993. "Maximally Maintained Inequality: Expansion, Reform, and Opportunity in Irish Education, 1921-75." Sociology of Education66:41-62.

De Graaf, Paul. 1986. "The Impact of Financial and Cultural Resources on Educational Attainment in the Netherlands." Sociology of Education59:237-46.

Lucas, Samuel R. 2001. "Effectively Maintained Inequality: Education Transitions, Track Mobility, and Social Background Effects." American Journal of Sociology106 (6): 1642-1690.

Duncan, Otis Dudley. 1966. "Methodological Issues in the Analysis of Social Mobility." Pp. 51-97 in Social Structure and Mobility in Economic Development, edited by Neil J. Smelser and Seymour Martin Lipset. Chicago: Aldine.

Tyree, Andrea, and Judith Treas. 1974. "The Occupational and Marital Mobility of Women." American Sociological Review39:293-302.

Erikson, Robert, John H. Goldthorpe, and Lucienne Portocarero. 1979. "Intergenerational Class Mobility in Three Western European Societies: England, France and Sweden." British Journal of Sociology30:415-41.

Western, Mark. 1999. "Class Attainment Among British Men." European Sociological Review15 (4): 431-54.

Hout, Michael. 1984. "Status, Autonomy, and Training in Occupational Mobility." American Journal of Sociology89:1379-1409.

Hodge, Robert W. 1966. "Occupational Mobility as a Probability Process." Demography3:19-34.

Marwell, Gerald, Rachel Rosenfeld, and Seymour Spilerman. 1979. "Geographic Constraints on Women's Careers in Academia." Science205:1225-31.

Bruederl, Josef, Andreas Diekmann, and Peter Preisendoerfer. 1991. "Patterns of Intraorganizational Mobility: Tournament Models, Path Dependency, and Early Promotion Effects." Social Science Research 20: 197-216.

Mayer, Karl Ulrich, and Glenn R. Carroll. 1987. "Jobs and Classes: Structural Constraints on Career Mobility." European Sociological Review3:14-38.

Spilerman, Seymour. 1977. "Careers, Labor Market Structure, and Socioeconomic Achievement." American Journal of Sociology83:551-93.9.

Stolzenberg, Ross M. 1975. "Occupations, Labor Markets and the Process of Wage Attainment." American Sociological Review40:645-65.

Beck, E. M., Patrick M. Horan, and Charles M. Tolbert II. 1978. "Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination. American Sociological Review43:704-20.

[See also comment by Hauser, American Sociological Review45(1980):702-12; reply 712-19; comment by Hodson and Kaufman, American Journal of Sociology86(1981):881-87; reply, 887-94.]

Stinchcombe, Arthur L. 1979. "Social Mobility in Industrial Labor Markets." Acta Sociologica22:217-45.

Baron, James N., and William T. Bielby. 1984. "The Organization of Work in a Segmented Economy." American Sociological Review49:454-73.

Blossfeld, Hans-Peter, and Karl Ulrich Mayer. 1988. "Labor Market Segmentation in the Federal Republic of Germany: An Empirical Study of Segmentation Theories from a Life Course Perspective." European Sociological Review4:123-40.

DiPrete, Thomas A. 1993. "Industrial Restructuring and the Mobility Response of American Workers in the 1980s." American Sociological Review58:74-96.

Mach, Bogdan W., Karl Ulrich Mayer, and Michal Pohoski. 1994. "Job Changes in the Federal Republic of Germany and Poland: A Longitudinal Assessment of the Impact of Welfare-Capitalist and State-Socialist Labour-Market Segmentation." European Sociological Review10:1-28.

Duncan, Otis Dudley. 1968. "Inheritance of Poverty or Inheritance of Race?" Pp. 85-110 in On Understanding Poverty, edited by Daniel P. Moynihan. New York: Basic Books.

Oliver, Melvin L., and Thomas M. Shapiro. 1989. "Race and Wealth." Review of Black Political Economy17:5-25.

Semyonov, Moshe. 1988. "Bi-Ethnic Labor Markets, Mono-Ethnic Labor Markets, and Socioeconomic Inequality." American Sociological Review53:256-66.

Waldinger, Roger. 1989. "Structural Opportunity or Ethnic Advantage? Immigrant Business Development in New York." International Migration Review23:48-72.

Oliver, Melvin L., and Mark A. Glick. 1982. "An Analysis of the New Orthodoxy on Black Mobility." Social Problems29:511-23.

Hout, Michael. 1986. "Opportunity and the Minority Middle Class: A Comparison of Blacks in the United States and Catholics in Northern Ireland." American Sociological Review51: 214-223.

Treiman, Donald J., and Patricia A. Roos. 1983. "Sex and Earnings in Industrial Society: A Nine Nation Comparison." American Journal of Sociology89:612-50.

England, Paula. 1984. "Wage Appreciation and Depreciation: a Test of Neoclassical Economic Explanations of Occupational Sex Segregation." Social Forces62:726-49.

Peterson, Trond, and Laurie A. Morgan. 1995. "Separate and Unequal: Occupation-Establishment Sex Segregation and the Gender Wage Gap." American Journal of Sociology101:329-65.

Long, J. Scott, Paul D. Allison, and Robert McGinnis. 1993. "Rank Advancement in Academic Careers: Sex Differences and the Effects of Productivity." American Sociological Review58:703-22.

McKeever, Matthew and Nicholas Wolfinger. 2001. "Reexamining the Economic Costs of Marital Disruption for Women." Social Science Quarterly Forthcoming.

Davis, James A. 1982. "Achievement Variables and Class Cultures: Family, Schooling, and Forty-nine Dependent Variables in the Cumulative GSS." American Sociological Review47:569-86.

Sobel, Michael E. 1983. "Lifestyle Differentiation and Stratification in Contemporary U.S. Society." Research in Social Stratification and Mobility2:115-44.

Kohn, Melvin L., Atsushi Naoi, Carrie Schoenbach, Carmi Schooler, and Kazimierz M. Slomczynski. 1990. "Position in the Class Structure and Psychological Functioning in the United States, Japan, and Poland." American Journal of Sociology95:964-1008.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. "The Aristocracy of Culture." Pp. 11-96 in Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Cambridge: Harvard.

Kelley, Jonathan, and M. D. R. Evans. 1995. "Class and Class Conflict in Six Western Nations." American Sociological Review60:157-78.

De Graaf, Nan Dirk, Paul Nieuwbeerta, and Anthony Heath. 1995. "Class Mobility and Political Preferences: Individual and Contextual Effects." American Journal of Sociology100:997-1027. 13.

Grusky, David B., and Robert M. Hauser. 1984. "Comparative Social Mobility Revisited: Models of Convergence and Divergence in 16 Countries." American Sociological Review49:19-38.

Wright, Erik Olin. 1989. "The Comparative Project on Class Structure and Class Consciousness: An Overview." Acta Sociologica32:3-22.

Treiman, Donald J., and Harry B. G. Ganzeboom. 1990. "Cross-National Comparative Status-Attainment Research." Research in Social Stratification and Mobility9:105-27.

Treiman, Donald J., and Harry B. G. Ganzeboom. 1997. "The Fourth Generation of (Comparative) Stratification Reasearch." Paper presented at a meeting of the Research Council of the International Sociological Association.

Gerber, Theodore, and Michael Hout. 1998. "More Shock than Therapy: Market Transition, Employment, and Income in Russia, 1991-1995." American Journal of Sociology101: 1-50.

Walder, Andrew. 1992. "Property Rights and Stratification in Socialist Redistributive Economies." American Sociological Review57:524-39.

Róna-Tas, Ákos. 1994. "The First Shall Be Last? Entrepreneurship and Communist Cadres in the Transition from Socialism." American Journal of Sociology100:40-69.

Treiman, Donald J., Matthew McKeever, and Eva Fodor. 1996. "Racial Differences in Occupational Status and Income in South Africa, 1980 and 1991." Demography33:111-32.