Social stratification lies at the core of society and of the discipline of sociology.
Social inequality is a fundamental aspect of all social processes, and a person's position in the stratification system is the most consistent predictor of his or her behavior, attitudes, and life chances.
Social stratification links almost all aspects of society together, and therefore understanding what is happening to social stratification helps us understand a wide range of other changes in society
Stratification is a social division of individuals into various hierarchies of wealth, status and power. There is disagreement about how to describe stratification systems, some sociologists favour the concept of class and others discuss status differentiations.
Social stratification involves the classification of persons into groups based on
common socio-economic conditions and a set of inequalities with economic, social,
political and ideological status. In social stratification, society ranks categories of
people in a hierarchy.
Social stratification is universal with subtle variations;
Welfare state research reveals that the state is both a cause and consequence of social stratification. The findings of this research have largely been ignored in the literature on social stratification and mobility. Similarly, welfare state scholars largely work without reference to the research on social stratification and mobility. - Bringing the state in: A commentary on welfare states and social inequality, Eric Tranby - Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.
Religious Affiliation and Social Stratification
Catholics show a stronger propensity to remain in their crafts, and become master craftsmen, while Protestants are attracted to a larger extent to the upper ranks of skilled labor and administrative positions in factories. Protestants own a disproportionate share of capital. All other things equal, Protestants have been more likely to develop economic rationalism than Catholics. Weber seeks the explanation in 'the permanent intrinsic character of their religion,' and not only in their temporary external historico-political situations.
The Reformation meant not the elimination of the church's control over everyday life, but a substitution of a new form of control for the previous one. While the Catholic church was fairly lax, Calvinism 'would be for us the most absolutely unbearable form of ecclesiastical control of the individual which could possibly exist.'
Protestantism must not be understood as joy of living or in any other sense connected with the Enlightenment. Early Protestantism (e.g., Luther, Calvin) had nothing to do with progress in an Enlightenment sense. Not all Protestant denominations had an equally strong influence on the development of members' business acumen and spirit of hard work.
SSM (Social Stratification and Social Mobility) project has collected personal histories, concerned with social status and inequality, with national representative samples in Japan. At 1955 the first survey was conducted by the Japanese Association of Sociology. nik.sal.tohoku.ac.jp/~tsigeto/ssm/e.html
Dani Social Stratification. ... While many aspects of
the Dani stratification system conform to an egalitarian model, it also incorporates some
curious features. ...
Social Stratification and Social Mobility Survey in Japan, 1995 - SSM (Social Stratification and Social Mobility) project has collected personal histories, concerned with social status and inequality, with national representative samples in Japan. At 1955 the first survey was conducted by the Japanese Association of Sociology. After that basically similar surveys are repeated at intervals of ten years. The fifth survey, which is represented by Seiyama Kazuo (Univ. of Tokyo), was conducted at 1995. Sampled were about 8,000 people aged 20-69 of the Japan electoral register. - risya3.hus.osaka-u.ac.jp/shigeto/ssm/ssmE.html
Inequality and Society: Social Science Perspectives on Social Stratification by Jeff Manza and Michael Sauder. For undergraduate courses on inequality, this reader incorporates political inequality into the discussion of social stratification.
Social Stratification: Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective by David Grusky. "Sociologists have not had an up-to-date reader on social stratification for 20 years.
Social Stratification and Inequality - by Harold Kerbo. Praised for its thorough research and scholarship, Social Stratification and Inequality provides a comprehensive, up-to-date exploration of the global economic and social divisions in human societies.
Income Inequality and Social Stratification by Joseph Turek.
Social Stratification in the United States: The American Profile Poster - by Stephen J. Rose. Ingenious design....A bleak, statistically meticulous, and even-tempered presentation of trends that ought to alarm anyone. -- The New York Times Book Review
Stratification in Higher Education: A Comparative Study (Studies in Social Inequality) by Yossi Shavit, Richard Arum, and Adam Gamoran. Contrary to most expectations, the authors show that as access to higher education expands, all social classes benefit.
From Origin to Destination: Trends and Mechanisms in Social Stratification Research by Stefani Scherer, Reinhardt Pollak, Gunnar Otte, and Markus Gangl. Despite the momentous social and economic change of recent decades, patterns of social stratification have proven to be remarkably stable.
Social Class and Stratification: Classic Statements and Theoretical Debates by Rhonda Levine. Bringing together the classic statements on social stratification, this collection offers the most significant contributions to ongoing debates on the nature of race, class, and gender inequality.
Structure Of Social Stratification In The United States- (Value Pack w/MySearchLab) by Elizabethann O'Sullivan, Leonard Beeghley, Gary R. Rassel, and Maureen Berner. This text examines the structure of stratification in the United States, focusing on the way one's class location influences his or her life opportunities.
Social Division and Inequality by Wendy Bottero.
Structure and Evolution of Chinese Social Stratification by Li Yi.
Inequalities in Comparative Perspective by Mary Waters and Fiona Devine
Max Weber on Power & Social Stratification: An Interpretation & Critique by Catherine Brennan. This volume revolves around the textual analysis of the Weberian thesis that "classes, status groups and parties are phenomena of the distribution of power within a community".
Social Stratification in Contemporary Japan Book by Kenji Kosaka. Contemporary Japanese society is often regarded as an enigma in the West because of its miraculous economic growth and the stability of its socio-political structure. But, there have been very few works available in English which are concerned with stratification and class perceptions in contemporary Japan. This study is empirical and theoretical, with the sociological perspective serving as the underlying framework. A historical overview is provided for those unfamiliar with modern Japanese history.
Social Stratification and the Differentiation of Life Styles, Social Perceptions and Attitudes in Switzerland. - Dr. Markus Lamprecht - During the post-war era, processes of de-structuration and individualization have rendered the structure of inequality more complex and led to the disintegration of traditional classes and "milieus". The emergence of "new" inequalities and the dynamization of existing structures have brought about ambivalent interests and a growing intertwinement of different lines of conflict.