Social Structure - Syllabus
SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT SYLLABUS - Brown Univ.
Theories of Social Structure - North Carolina State University - Course
Objectives: The main objective of this course is to acquaint students with the macro level
sociological theorists. Sociology developed in response to the rapid social change
accompanying the democratic and industrial revolution that have shaped our modern way of
life. We will study the fundamental ideas of social solidarity, class structure,
bureaucratization, social institutions, ideology, and etc. We will discuss course
materials that are relevant to the contemporary social issues of our time.
SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT - Professor Gregory Elliott
This is a course which investigates the relationship between one's place in the social structure and one's own, individual personal growth. We will seek to gain some understanding of the impact of society on the individual. Recognizing that the development of the self is an ongoing dynamic process that does not stop with the onset of adulthood, we will be investigating the social aspects of individual growth and change throughout the life cycle.The basic premise of this course is that people must learn how to be members of society. In that vein, one of society's major functions is to facilitate the assimilation of its constituents. Successful assimilation serves two goals: it encourages the maintenance and growth of the social system, and it gives each person a sense of his or her location within the social structure. In consequence, it is to the advantage of both society and the individual that the latter comes to adopt an understanding of the social system and one's place in it that is shared by all its members; this understanding not only includes asense of personal identity, but also an appreciation of the roles one will take as a participating member of society. Part of our analysis will focus on this socialization process. Beneath this grand design, however is a gnawing awareness that is disquieting: something is basically wrong. As people experience the life course, they realize (even if they do not admit to others) that they have neither a strong sense of personal identity nor a feeling of involvement in their social roles. Although society seems to be progressing in its development, it appears to do so only at the expense of the well-being of many of its members. The remainder of our analysis will examine the proposition that there is something inherent in the structure of our society that causes pain and alienation in people's everyday lives.We will begin by examining some of the theories of personal growth developed by sociologists, including those pertaining to early socialization in childhood. Next, we will examine the development of the individual from infancy through adulthood, concentrating on the impact of family, school, occupation, and social class on personal growth and social opportunities for advancement. Finally, we will study the social antecedents to alienation.
SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT
John P. Hewitt. 1999. Self and Society, Chapters 1-4. (for students who have not taken SO 002)
Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann. 1966. The Social Construction of Reality, entire book.
Robert K. Merton. 1957. "The role set: Problems in sociological theory," British Journal of Sociology, 8, 106-120.
William J. Goode. 1960. "A theory of role strain," American Sociological Review, 25, 485-496.WEEKS 2-3:
Frederick Elkin and Gerald Handel. 1989. The Child and Society: The Process of Socialization (fifth edition), entire book.
GENDER AND THE SELF
Judith Lorber. 1994. Paradoxes of Gender, entire book.
Susan Faludi. 1999. Stiffed,Ch. 1: "The son, the moon, and thestars: The promise of postwar manhood," 3-47.
Gregory C. Elliott. 1988. "Gender differences in self-consistency: Evidence from an investigation of self-conceptstructure," Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 17,41-57.
Lawrence A. Kurdek and J. Patrick Schmitt. 1986. "Interaction ofsex role self-concept with relationship quality andrelationship beliefs in married, heterosexual cohabiting,
Nancy Rule Goldberger, Blythe McVicker Clinchy, Mary FieldBelenky, and Jill Mattuck Tarule. 1987. "Women's ways of knowing: On gaining a voice." Pp. 201-228 in P. Shaver and C. Hendrick (eds.),
Sex and Gender. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
FAMILY AND THE SELF
Jerome Kagan. 1988. "The powers and limitations of parents." Pp.393-405, in N.D. Glenn and M. T. Coleman (eds.),
FamilyRelations: A Reader.Chicago, IL: Dorsey Press.
William Damon. 1995. Greater Expectations, entire book.
*Sandra Pipp, Phillip Shaver, Sybillyn Jennings, Susie Lamborn,and Kurt W. Fischer. 1985. "Adolescents' theories about the development of their relationships with parents." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48,991-1001.
RACE AND THE SELF
Michael Omi and Howard Winant. 1994. Racial Formation in theUnited States, Chs. 1-4.
Margaret Beale Spencer and Carol Markstrom-Adams. 1990."Identity processes among racial and ethnic minoritychildren in America." Child Development, 61, 290-310.
Ronald K. Takaki. 1993. "A different mirror." Pp. 52-65 in M. L.Andersen and P. H. Collins (eds.),
Race, Class and Gender: An Anthology (fourth edition). Belmont, CA:
Wadsworth.Elizabeth Martinez. 1994. "Seeing more than Black and White:Latinos, racism, and the cultural divides." Pp. 108-114 in M. L. Andersen and P. H. Collins (eds.),
Race, Class andGender: An Anthology (fourth edition). Belmont, CA:Wadsworth.
SOCIAL CLASS AND THE SELF
R. D. Hess and Virginia C. Shipman. 1965. "Early experience and the socialization of cognitive modes in children," Child Development, 36, 869-886.
Melvin L. Kohn and Carmi Schooler. 1969. "Class, occupation, andorientation," American Sociological Review, 34, 659-678.
Richard Sennett and Jonathan Cobb. 1972. The Hidden Injuries of Class,
SCHOOL AND THE SELF
Ron Suskind. 1998. A Hope in the Unseen, entire book.
Roslyn Arlin Mickelson and Stephen Samuel Smith. 1998. "Caneducation eliminate race, class, and gender inequality?"Pp. 376-388 in L. Andersen and P. H. Collins (eds.),
Race,Class and Gender: An Anthology (fourth edition). Belmont,CA: Wadsworth.*Burton Clark. 1956. "The 'cooling out' function in highereducation," American Journal of Sociology, 65, 569-576.
OCCUPATION AND THE SELF
Studs Terkel. 1974. Working,passim.
Gideon Sjoberg, Richard A. Brymer, and Buford Farris. 1966."Bureaucracy and the lower class," Sociology and Social Research, 50, 325-337.
Richard Sennett. 1998. The Corrosion of Character: The PersonalConsequences of Work in the New Capitalism,entire book.
Robert K. Merton. 1938. "Social structure and anomie," AmericanSociological Review, 3, 672-682.
Melvin Seeman. 1959. "On the meaning of alienation," American Sociological Review, 24, 783-791.
Kai Erikson. 1986. "On work and alienation," American Sociological Review, 51, 1-8.
Melvin Seeman. 1983. "Alienation motifs in contemporary theorizing: the hidden continuity of classic themes,"Social Psychology Quarterly, 46, 171-184.Philip Slater. 1976. The Pursuit of Loneliness, entire book.
Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann. 1966. The Social Construction of Reality.Doubleday Anchor.
William Damon. 1995. Greater Expectations: Overcoming the Cultureof Indulgence in America's Homes and Schools.Free Press.
Frederick Elkin and Gerald Handel. 1989. The Child and SocietyThe Process of Socialization, (fifth edition). McGraw-Hill.
Judith Lorber. 1994. Paradoxes of Gender. Yale University Press.
Richard Sennett. 1998. The Corrosion of Character: The Personal Consequences of Work in the New Capitalism.
Norton.Richard Sennett and Jonathan Cobb. 1972. The Hidden Injuries of Class.
Norton.Philip Slater. 1976. The Pursuit of Loneliness. Beacon Press.
Ron Suskind. 1998. A Hope in the Unseen. Broadway.Studs Terkel. 1974. Working. New Press.
Social structures of class and stratification