Sociology Index


"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". This is a definition offered by the famous World Commission on Environment and Development in its report - Our Common Future. Sustainable development is economic activity or growth which does not deplete the resources available to future generations. Sustainable development can be maintained at a certain rate or level. Sustainable development means meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development cannot be brought about by just policies. Sustainable development is economic activity with due consideration given to carrying capacity and which does not reduce or deplete the resources available to future generations.

European Union Sustainable Development Strategy must be a principle guiding the many choices each citizen makes every day, and also the political and economic decisions. Sustainable development requires changes in thinking, in economic and social structure and in consumption, consumer culture and production patterns.

Sociology of Environment, Environmental Movement, and Ecology, cover the topic of sustainable development. Societies such as the Easter Islands, the Anasazi in southwestern U.S., the Polynesians in the Pitcairn Island have been known to collapse due to environmental degradation.

In July 2009 the Commission adopted the 2009 Review of European Union Sustainable Development Strategy. It underlines that in recent years the EU has mainstreamed sustainable development strategy into a broad range of its policies.

The review is complemented by Eurostat's bi-annual monitoring report on sustainable development. The European Council in December 2009 confirmed that Sustainable development remains a fundamental objective of the European Union under the Lisbon Treaty. Sustainable Development Strategy will continue to provide a longterm vision and constitute the overarching policy framework for all Union policies and strategies.

Knowledge systems for sustainable development
David W. Cash, William C. Clark, Frank Alcock, Nancy M. Dickson, Noelle Eckley, David H. Guston, Jill Jager, and Ronald B. Mitchell. The challenge of meeting human development needs while protecting the earth's life support systems confronts scientists, technologists, policy makers, and communities from local to global levels. Many believe that science and technology must play a more central role in sustainable development, yet little systematic scholarship exists on how to create institutions that effectively harness science and technology for sustainable development. This study suggests that efforts to mobilize science and technology for sustainability development are more likely to be effective when they manage boundaries between knowledge and action in ways that simultaneously enhance the salience, credibility, and legitimacy of the information they produce.

Sustainable Development: Conventional versus emergent alternative wisdom
David C Korten. Abstract: To open the Dialogue section of Volume 48, we start with two pieces by David C. Korten, a leading 'alternative' writer. The first was written in 1993 to present his then current thoughts on the conventional and alternative wisdom on sustainable development. That most of its arguments remain relevant nearly twelve years later is a useful reminder of how little the basic frame of the sustainable development debate has changed during this period.