Sociology of Terrorism Syllabus
Books - Sociology of Terrorism, Abstracts, Bibliography,
Journals, Sociology of Terrorism, Terrorist Groups
Deborah Louis, Carroll Community College - Teaching &
Understanding Sept 11 - Mark Hamm & Paul Leighton - SYLLABUS: SPECIAL
TOPICS - TERRORISM
Dr. Edward Morse's Sociology 601-02 Course - Sociology of Terrorism
POLICING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM - Mathieu Deflem. - Univ of South Carolina, Honors
University of South
Carolina, Honors College
Syllabus - SCCC 331-I:
POLICING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
Instructor: Mathieu Deflem, Ph.D.
Office: Sloan College - Messages: via email Deflem@gwm.sc.edu
This mid-level honors course will engage students in selected aspects of the sociological
study of terrorism and counter-terrorism. The course is analytically rooted in the
sociology of social control. The specific theme of the course will be the policing
dimensions, especially at the international level, of recent, ongoing and planned
strategies and organizations of counter-terrorism. The course will thus involve a sound
integration of sociologically relevant and thematically diverse issues.
Here is an overview. First, the course will briefly introduce students to the sociology of
social control. Second, an overview will be presented of sociological issues of terrorism
and counter-terrorism. Third, we will study in some detail a variety of historical and
contemporary elements of international policing and, relatedly, the control of
(international) terrorism. This will particularly include an analysis of counter-terrorist
policing strategies and organizations since September 11. Finally, the course will devote
special attention to the role played in the global fight against terrorism by the
International Criminal Police Organization, the international police network more widely
known as Interpol, as well as the European Police Office (Europol).
Honors students wishing to take this course must have Sophomore standing and have had at
least one introductory course in social or behavioral science.
I. The Sociology of Social Control: An Introduction
II. Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: A Sociological Perspective
III. International Dimensions of Police and Counter-Terrorism
1) Historical Foundations of International Policing
2) Selected Contemporary Issues and Dimensions (including the FBI, Department of Homeland
Security, local law enforcement, relation to military interventions, human and civil
IV. Global Counter-Terrorism: The Role of Interpol and Europol
SCHEDULE & READINGS
Week 1: INTRODUCTION
Week 2: SOCIOLOGY OF SOCIAL CONTROL, I: INTRODUCTION
See also: Teaching Terrorism: An Interview with Philip Jenkins. The Justice
Professional 16(1): 61-63, 2003.
Ross, Edward A. 1896. Social Control. American Journal of Sociology
Week 3: SOCIOLOGY OF SOCIAL CONTROL, II: PERSPECTIVES
Meier, Robert F. 1982. Perspectives on the Concept of Social Control.
Annual Review of Sociology 8:35-55.
Deflem, Mathieu. 1992. The Invisibilities of Social Control. Crime, Law
and Social Change 18(1/2):177-192.
Week 4: SOCIOLOGY OF TERRORISM AND COUNTER-TERRORISM, I
Rosenfeld, Richard. 2003. "Why Criminologists Should Study Terrorism."
Crime & Justice International (April), pp. 34-35. Available in hard-copy format from
Deflem, Mathieu. 2004. Reading Terrorism and Terrorists. Review essay.
Week 5: SOCIOLOGY OF TERRORISM AND COUNTER-TERRORISM, II
Black, Donald. 2004. Terrorism as Social Control. Chapter in Terrorism
and Counter-Terrorism, edited by M. Deflem. London: Elsevier Science.
Black, Donald. 2004. Terrorism as Social Control. (continued)
Week 6: INTERNATIONAL POLICE COOPERATION: HISTORY
Deflem, Mathieu. forth. Wild Beasts Without Nationality: The Uncertain
Origins of Interpol, 1898-1910. In The Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice,
edited by Philip Reichel. Sage Publications, forthcoming.
Deflem, Mathieu. 2000. Bureaucratization and Social Control: Historical
Foundations of International Police Cooperation. Law & Society Review
Week 7: INTERNATIONAL POLICE COOPERATION: CONTEMPORARY
Deflem, Mathieu. 2001. International Police Cooperation in Northern America:
A Review of Practices, Strategies, and Goals in the United States, Mexico, and
Canada. Pp. 71-98 in International Police Cooperation: A World Perspective, eds D.J.
Koenig and D.K. Das. Lanham, MD: Lexington.
Deflem, Mathieu. 2003. The Boundaries of International Cooperation: Problems
and Prospects of U.S.-Mexican Policing. In Corruption, Police, Security &
Democracy, edited by Menachem Amir & Stanley Einstein. Office of International
Week 8: POLICING TERRORISM, I: HISTORY
Leich, Marian Nash. 1984. Four Bills Proposed by President Reagan to Counter
Terrorism. American Journal of International Law 78(4):915-928.
Jenkins, Brian M. 1986. Defense Against Terrorism. Political Science
Week 9: POLICING TERRORISM, II: SEPTEMBER 11
Deflem, Mathieu. 2002. "Law Enforcement 9-11: Questioning the Policing of
International Terrorism." Pro Bono 9(1):5-9.
Week 10: POLICING TERRORISM, III: THE ROLE OF THE FBI
Guest speaker: FBI Special Agent in Charge, Columbia.
Bell, John. 2001. Comments on the FBI in the Wake of 9/11 and Legal Standards
and Procedures for Homeland Investigations. Michigan State University Journal of
International Law 10:552-562. Click here if the link no longer works.
Week 11: POLICING TERRORISM, IV: HOMELAND SECURITY
Guest speaker: FBI Special Agent in Charge, Columbia.
Deflem, Mathieu. forth. Counter-Terrorism Policing and Inter-Agency
Cooperation for Homeland Security. forthcoming. OR:
Nunn, Samuel. 2003. Seeking Tools for the War on Terror: A Critical Assessment of
Emerging Technologies in Law Enforcement. Policing: An International Journal of Police
Strategies and Management 26(3):454-472.
Week 12: POLICING TERRORISM, V: CIVIL RIGHTS
Cole, David. 2003. The New McCarthyism: Repeating History in the War on
Terrorism. Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 38(1):1-30. Click here if
the link no longer works.
Week 13: EUROPOL AND TERRORISM
Den Boer, Monica, and Jörg Monar. 2002. 11 September and the Challenge of
Global Terrorism to the EU as a Security Actor. Journal of Common Market Studies
Week 14: INTERPOL AND TERRORISM
Deflem, Mathieu, and Lindsay C. Maybin. forth. Interpol and the Policing of
International Terrorism: Developments and Dynamics since September 11. Chapter in
Studies on Terrorism, edited by Lynne Snowden and Brad Whitsel, forthcoming.
Among the books that I recommend on terrorism you may have a look at the following:
Deflem, Mathieu. 2002. Policing World Society: Historical Foundations of International
Police Cooperation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Townsend, Charles. 2002. Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University
Reeve, Simon. 1999. The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama bin Laden, and the Future of
Terrorism. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.
Deflem, Mathieu. Ed., 2004. Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Criminological Perspectives.
London: Elsevier Science, forthcoming (proofs available in 11/2003).
McVey, Philip M. 1997. Terrorism and Law Enforcement: A Multidimensional Challenge for the
Twenty-First Century. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Deborah Louis, Carroll Community College
Teaching & Understanding Sept 11
Mark Hamm & Paul Leighton
SYLLABUS: SPECIAL TOPICS - TERRORISM
SPRING 2002 POLS-198-01
[NOTE: the "course objectives" from a teaching standpoint are of course
different from the "objectives" as synthesized for students in the syllabus--in
case these are useful, they are, as extracted from the course proposal:
To familiarize students with the history of terrorism, U.S. foreign policy, Islam,
and conflict in the Mid-East.
To identify the primary locations, leaders, and organizations associated with the
To examine and evaluate the range of policy options available to the U.S. in
To recognize and evaluate the philosophical underpinnings of this ideological
conflict and of the policy alternatives available to both sides and their respective
To explore common concerns about safety, civil liberties, and intergroup relations
within the U.S.
To understand the psychology of terrorism, for both perpetrators and victims.
To distinguish between rhetoric and information in political speech and reporting.
To explore the meaning of "responsible citizenship" in tense and fearful
To acquire lasting frames of reference and critical skills that will be useful both
in subsequent academic pursuits and in interpreting the political and social environment
in which students will continue to live their lives.]
COURSE DESCRIPTION: POLS 198 (3 credits) -- An interdisciplinary approach to understanding
contemporary terrorism and evaluating potential effectiveness of alternative responses to
it. Drawing from insights and analytical tools offered by psychology, sociology, political
science, history, and philosophy, students will explore the causes and consequences of the
attack on the World Trade Center from both U.S. and global perspectives. Emphasis will be
placed on observing and evaluating the actual formation of social and public policy
resulting from these events, and the roles of citizens and leaders in this process.
TEXTS: Terrorism: An Introduction, Jonathan White, Wadsworth Press
The Wretched of the Earth, Frantz Fanon, Grove Press
The Lions Game, Nelson DeMille, Warner Books
COURSE OBJECTIVES: Students will gain a working knowledge of the issues, people, and
vocabulary associated with the contemporary use of terrorism to achieve political goals,
and the specific experience of the events of September 11. [additional objectives]
COURSE OUTLINE AND SCHEDULE
2/4-6 Introduction. Review of syllabus, approach, and expectations. Definition and
criminology of terrorism. (White/1)
Historical Perspective: Evolution and context of terrorism as a strategy to accomplish
2/11-13 History and organization of contemporary terrorism (White/2&3).
2/18-20 Faith-based terrorism and revolutionary violence (White/4&5; The Dark
Side of Moral Conviction, Elizabeth Mullen).
2/25-27 Understanding the Western pespective. Philosophical roots of internal and external
conflicts in perception; pluralism, exclusion, and the status of women.
3/4-6 Understanding the Middle East. Origins of Mid-East terrorism (White/7).
3/11-13 Palestine, Iran and Osama bin Ladin (White/9&10).
3/18-20 Understanding Islam. PBS documentary: Islam: Empire of Faith
Guest facilitator: Dr. Don Hoepfer, CCC Philosophy Professor
Understanding September 11: The dynamics of terrorism from individuals to geo-politics.
4/1-3 Psychology of terrorism. Perpetrators (DeMILLE; FANON; Are Terrorists Mentally
Deranged? Charles Ruby). [Are terrorists psychotic?]
Victims (In the Wake of Terrorist Attack, Hatred May Mask Fear, Jennifer
Freyd). Read-aloud: First Writing Since, poem by Suheir Hammad.
4/8-10 Sociology of terrorism. Contexts and outcomes (DeMILLE; FANON; Them and Us:
Hidden Ideologies--Differences in Degree or Kind? Rhoda Unger, Brandeis University;
Understanding Collective Hatred, Niza Yanay, Ben Gurion University; A
Time to Hate: Situational Antecedents of Intergroup Bias, Phyllis Gerstenfeld,
California State University; Evil and the Instigation of Collective Violence,
David Mandel, University of Victoria).
4/15-17 The global community and U.S. foreign policy (Globalization: A Choice
Between Death and Death, Jean-Bertrand Aristede; Letter to UN Security Council,
Ramsey Clark; Interview of Zbigniew Brzezinski, Le Nouvel Observateur,
1/15/98; Invaders, Elaine Sciolino, NYT 9/23/01).
4/22-24 Technology and terrorism. Weapons and communications (White/15&16).
Responding to Terrorism: The roles of citizens and states in shaping strategies to achieve
4/29-5/1 Living in anxious times. Feeling safe at home (FEMA training manual).
Guest facilitator: Lt. Terry Katz, Westminster Barrack Commander, MDSP
5/6-8 Freedom vs. security (White/17; In Defense of Freedom at a Time of
Crisis, joint recommendations of 126 U.S. rights organizations). Film: The Siege.
5/13-15 Policy choices: Reducing the threat of terrorism. Alternative proposals for
immediate action (Reflections on September 11; Lessons from Four Psychological
Perspectives, Kevin Lanning; Responding to September 11: A Conflict Resolution
Scholar/Practitioner Perspective, Eben Weitzman and Darren Kew, University of
Massachusetts; From the Best Minds in the World, Nobel Peace Prize Symposium;
Violence Doesnt Work, Howard Zinn). Read-aloud: "Thoughts in the
Presence of Fear," essay by Wendell Berry.
5/20 Inventing long-term solutions -- class project presentations.
[A short bibliography of the books most frequently mentioned in Teaching and Understanding
On reserve for this class at the Learning Resource Center:
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy: Special Issue on Terrorism and Its
Consequences, The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues 2002.
September 11: Context and Consequences: An Anthology, ed. Misha Klein and Adrian McIntyre,
University of California at Berkeley 2002.
September 11 Terrorism Sourcebook, Vols. 1&2, assembled for student use by Dr. Deborah
Louis, Carroll Community College 2001-2.
Emergency Response to Terrorism, Basic Concepts: Fire and EMS, training manual currently
being used by Carroll County emergency services, Federal Emergency Management Agency
The Common Courage Reader: Essays for an Informed Democracy, ed. Kevin Griffith, Common
Courage Press 2000.
The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama Bin Laden and the Future of Terrorism, Simon Reeve,
Northwestern University Press 1999.
Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century, Cindy Combs, Prentice-Hall 1999.
Insurgency and Terrorism: Inside Modern Revolutionary Warfare, Bard O'Neill, Brasseys,
Rogue States: The Rule of Force in World Affairs, Noam Chomsky, South End Press 2000.
In addition, the web page for this class provides links to a variety of internet resources
related to 9/11, the unfolding "war on terrorism," and specific subtopics
addressed in the course (access through Learning Resource Center site).
Sociology of Terrorism
Within the cultural context of the "Western World" this course will examine the
short and long term changes in the social behavior arising from acts of social terrorism.
Attention will first focus on a comparative of the utility of different definitions of
terrorism. The course will examine profiles of terrorists within a historical and social
psychiatry perspective. With this general information as a foundation attention will turn
to critical examination of current theories of terrorism. The last major task of the
course is to study the current antiterrorism policies of the U.S. and other Western
Nations in conjunction with the latest antiterrorist technology in place to fight
terrorism. Antiterrorism policies and technology will be studied to gain understanding of
their potential for changing the social context of our culture at the individual,
community, and institutional levels.
Terrorism: An Introduction 3rd edition Jonathon R. White (ISBN 0534573312) Wadsworth
The New Jackals by Simon Reeve (ISBN 1555535097) Northeastern University Press
Origins of Terrorism Ed. Walter Reich (ISBN 09438758970) Woodrow Wilson Center Press
Political Paranoia by Robert Robins and Jerrold Post (ISBN 0300070276) Yale University
Understanding Terrorism and Managing the Consequences by Paul Maniscalco and Hank Christen
(ISBN 0-13-021229-6) Prentice Hall
2. Exploring the behavior of Terrorism
Read: Terrorism: An Introduction Chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 8
3. The logic underlying political violence
Read: Origins of Terrorism Chapters 1, 2, 6
4. Terrorism and God
Read: Political Paranoia Chapter 6
Read: Terrorism: An Introduction Chapters 4, 10
5. Paranoia, Social Psychiatry, and Society
Read: Political Paranoia Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9
6. The Social Profile of Modern Day Terrorists
Read: The New Jackals Chapters 1-12
7. The State and Federal Governments Response to Terrorism
Read: Understanding Terrorism and Managing the Consequences Chapters 1, 2, 4, 5
8. The Sociological Consequences of Applied Knowledge
Read: Understanding Terrorism and Managing the Consequences Chapters 6, 7, 9, 10, 11
9. Terrorism and the Curtailment of Individual Freedoms and Privacy
Read: Terrorism: An Introduction 13, 14
Read: Origins of Terrorism 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
10. The Future Impact of Terrorism on Our Social Institutions
Read: Terrorism: An Introduction Chapters 15, 16, 17