Sociology Index

Urban Sociology

Urban sociology has challenged human ecology. Urban sociology covers the development of the city and of the social characteristics of urbanization, and urban problems. We are seeing a paradigm shift in urban sociology. New Urban Sociology began in Europe at the beginning of the 1970s and then spread to the United States. We can include trends such as globalization and information technology in the study of urban sociology. Urban sociology also covers Urban Gentrification which is a process of change in the social and economic condition of urban neighborhoods. The story of the new urban sociologists is the story of members of the same generation who developed a distinct approach to urban problems. There is general agreement that Urbanism is an important correlate of criminality. What are the challenges for urban sociology? The city and the metropolitan region are places where macro social trends materialize.

Urban Sociology Abstracts

The New Urban Sociology Meets the Old - Rereading Some Classical Human Ecology. David A. Smith, University of California, Irvine.
A basic paradigm shift in urban sociology has occurred: The new urban sociology has challenged and largely supplanted human ecology. The common perception that the two approaches are totally antithetical and incompatible has created a crisis in urban sociology. The author reevaluates some earlier ecological writings in light of the basic assumptions of the new urban sociology.

Urban Sociology Beyond the Theoretical Debate of the Seventies - Enzo Mingione - This article reconstructs the theoretical history of urban sociological studies with particular attention to the critical debate of the seventies.

Debates and Developments - The future of urban sociology: report of joint sessions of the British and American Sociological Associations, Beth Perry & Alan Harding. The paper reveals that there are a variety of alternative futures for urban sociology and there would appear to be little agreement on one specific route, nor on how to get there. Urban sociology continues to face a variety of challenges and more debate on its future trajectory is clearly needed.

Urban Sociology: A Trend Report - Rosemary Mellor 
The paper reviews the disintegration of urban sociology as a recognisable domain of study in the early 1980s and its development as urban studies - an interdisciplinary research field with global reference and infinite scope. At the same time there was a re-entry of the `local' and more specifically the 'urban' into the sociological mainstream as there was greater awareness of uneven development, the particularity of local experience and the possibilities of mobilisation around local issues. In particular there was awareness that 'race' politics was also an 'urban' politics.

New frontiers facing urban sociology at the Millennium - Sassen S.
Abstract: The article examines some of the major challenges facing urban sociology at century's end given its traditions and lineages. These challenges arise out of the intersection of major macrosocial trends and their particular spatial patterns.

“Placing” Health in an Urban Sociology: Cities as Mosaics of Risk and Protection. Fitzpatrick K.M.; LaGory M.
Abstract: Central to urban sociology is the assumption that place matters. Yet, urban sociology has virtually ignored the role of place in understanding a critical aspect of personal and collective well-being. This article attempts to synthesize major sociological theories of health, within an urban ecological framework, in an effort to provide insight into how the distinct spatial qualities of neighborhoods impact the health risks, beliefs, and behaviors of their residents.

New Urban Sociology in Japan: the changing debates - Kazutaka Hashimoto
Abstract: New Urban Sociology began in Europe at the beginning of the 1970s and then spread to the United States. This article examines the changing debates that have occurred in New Urban Sociology since its introduction to Japan in the late 1970s. 1986 to 1992, focused on theories of urban social movements and the concept of global city in a context of urban renewal in Japan's major cities. The third stage, from 1992 to the present, is characterized by a transformation of New Urban Sociology into a sociological theory of space under globalization that has been heavily influenced by the work of David Harvey. Copyright Joint Editors and Blackwell Publishers Ltd 2002.

Radical Intellectuals: What Happened to the New Urban Sociology?
Aleksandra Sasha Milicevic.
Abstract: This article is about the rise and fall of radicalism among 'new urban sociologists' during the 1960s and 1970s. First, I analyze the social and theoretical developments of that time and demonstrate the novelty of the questions that the new urban sociologists posed. The story of the new urban sociologists is the story of members of the same generation who, dissatisfied with the development of theory in their field, developed a distinct approach to urban problems.

Urban Sociology. Curriculum Bulletin. Grade 12.
Abstract: The focus of the urban sociology teaching guide for grade 12 is on the effect of urbanization upon four of the major social institutions: familial, governmental, economic, and educational.

Urban Sociology Books

Gottdiener, Mark (1994). The New Urban Sociology. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Oscar Lewis. 1966. The Culture of Poverty. Scientific American.


Robert Gottlieb. 1993. Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Christopher Silver. 1997. The Racial Origins of Zoning Laws in American Cities. in June Manning Thomas and Marsha Ritzdorf, eds., Urban Planning and the African American Community. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Jon Peterson. 1983. The Impact of Sanitary Reform upon American Urban Planning, 1840-1890. in Donald A. Krueckeberg, editor, Introduction to Planning History in the United States. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University.

Marc Weiss. 1987. The Rise of the Community Builders: The American Real Estate Industry and Urban Land Planning. New York: Columbia University Press.

The Origins and Legacy of Urban Renewal. in Pierre Clavel and John Forester, editors, Urban and Regional Planning in an Age of Austerity. New York: Pergamon.

Alice O’Connor. 1999. Swimming Against the Tide: A Brief History of Federal Policy in Poor Communities. in Ronald Ferguson and Edward Dickens, eds., Urban Problems and Community Development. Washington, D.C.: Brookings University Press.

June Manning Thomas. 1997. Model Cities Revisited: Issues of Race and Empowerment. in June Manning Thomas and Marsha Ritzdorf, eds., Urban Planning and the African American Community. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Urban Sociology Journals

Progress in Planning - The Progress in Planning explores advances in planning from an interdisciplinary perpsective, covering a wide range of topics including land use, design and behavior, spatial planning, environmental issues and urban form.

Urban Studies - The Urban Studies explores advances and issues in urban and regional planning, design and analysis drawing on a number of disciplines including geography, economics, sociology and public policy.

Journal of Urban Affairs
The Journal of Urban Affairs is a multidisciplinary journal devoted to articles that address contemporary urban issues and is directed toward an audience that includes practitioners, policy makers, scholars, and students.

Journal of Urban Design
The Journal of Urban Design explores issues, challenges and opportunities in the field of urban design and its impact on the quality of the built environment from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Journal of Urban Economics
The Journal of Urban Economics publishes papers of great scholarly merit on a wide range of topics and employing a wide range of approaches to urban economics.

Journal of Urban Planning and Development
The Journal of Urban Planning and Development explores the the application of civil engineering to urban planning aspects such as area-wide transportation, the coordination of planning and programming of public works and utilities, and the development and redevelopment of urban areas.

Land Degradation & Development
The Land Degradation & Development is devoted to Land Degradation, Promotion of Ecological Sustainability, Sustainable Land Management, Socioeconomic Implications for Sustainability and Development.

Geographical Analysis
The Geographical Analysis publishes mathematical and nonmathematical articulations of geographical theory, and statements and discussions of the analytic paradigm.