Sociology Index

Xinhai Chinese Revolution

Xinhai Chinese Revolution or Hsinhai Revolution, started with the Wuchang Uprising on 10th October, 1911 and ended on February 12, 1912 when Emperor Puyi abdicated. Explanations of the Xinhai Chinese Revolution or the Chinese Communist revolution have highlighted the role of ideology, social organization and social structure. The Xinhai Chinese Revolution was motivated by majority Han Chinese resentment toward a government dominated by an ethnic Manchu minority. Communism and Marxism in mainland China in 1949 led the United States to suspend diplomatic ties with the People's Republic of China for decades.

The resumption of the Chinese Civil War resulted in the Republic of China's loss of mainland China to forces of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and retreat to Taiwan in 1949. Xinhai Chinese Revolution which led to Chinese Revolution in 1949 refers to the final stage of military conflict (1946–1950) in the Chinese Civil War. Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People's Republic of China. The creation of the People's Republic of China also completed the long process of governmental upheaval in China begun by the Xinhai Chinese Revolution of 1911. The other great revolutions were French Revolution, Russian Revolution, and American Revolution.

Emperor Puyi Of China

The last Emperor of China was Puyi or Pu Yi of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, and the twelfth and final ruler of the Qing dynasty. Puyi ruled as Emperor of the Qing Dynasty from 1908 to 1912, and again during his restoration in 1917 for a brief period. Puyi's era name was "Xuantong", so he was known as the "Xuantong Emperor." In 1932 after the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, the puppet state of Manchukuo was established by Japan, and he was chosen to become "Emperor" of the new state using the era-name of Datong. In 1934, he was declared the Kangde Emperor of Manchukuo and ruled until the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1945. Puyi was imprisoned as a war criminal for 10 years, after the People's Republic of China was established in 1949. Puyi wrote his memoirs and also became a titular member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and the National People's Congress.

Xinhai Chinese Revolution Abstracts

Teaching About the Chinese Revolution - Chan, Sucheng, Asian American Review. The issue of a western versus a third world perspective, and whether China has anything in common with formerly colonized world, the Marxist perspective and its influence on Asian thinkers.

Moving the Masses: Emotion Work in the Chinese Revolution - Elizabeth J. Perry. Abstract: Building upon pre-existing traditions of popular protest and political culture, the Communists systematized “emotion work” as part of a conscious strategy of psychological engineering.

Mao and the Xinhai Chinese revolution in philosophy - K. T. Fann, Studies in East European Thought.
Abstract: There is a unique relationship between Maoist policies and philosophy which is due to the pedagogical orientation of the Chinese Communist Party and role of the cultural revolution.

Ideas of revolution in China and the West Export - by: Ping He. Frontiers of History in China.
Abstract: Aim of Chinese revolution in the 20th century China shows that Chinese theorists had a misunderstanding regarding revolution as representing an ultimate social state and not as a means to achieve political modernization. A rethinking of the concept after the Cultural Revolution has resulted in an advance in China's social evolution.

The Original Xinhai Chinese Revolution Remains in Power - by Edward Friedman - Journal Article Excerpt, Journal article by Edward Friedman; Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, Vol. 13, 1981. Excerpt: After the Chinese revolution state power and control over industrial and financial economy were transferred to the hands of Marxist socialists dedicated to using the surplus to improve the life of the common man. Socialism is a hip-hip word in China among ruling groups.